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Visual and spectrophotometric shade analysis of human teeth.


Paul, S; Peter, A; Pietrobon, N; Hämmerle, C H F (2002). Visual and spectrophotometric shade analysis of human teeth. Journal of Dental Research, 81(8):578-582.

Abstract

Due to interhuman differences in the perception of color, visual shade assessment of human teeth is lacking standardization that may be improved by the use of a spectrophotometer. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that spectrophotometric assessment of tooth color is comparable with human visual determination. On 30 patients, three operators with unreported visual color deficiency independently selected the best match to the middle third of unrestored maxillary central incisors, using a Vita Classical Shade Guide. The same teeth were measured by means of a reflectance spectrophotometer. In the human group, all 3 visual shade selections matched in only 26.6%. In the spectrophotometric group, all 3 shade selections matched in 83.3%. In 93.3%, Delta E values of visually assessed tooth shades were higher than spectrophotometrically assessed Delta E values (p < 0.0001). The results suggest that spectrophotometric shade analysis is more accurate and more reproducible compared with human shade assessment.

Due to interhuman differences in the perception of color, visual shade assessment of human teeth is lacking standardization that may be improved by the use of a spectrophotometer. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that spectrophotometric assessment of tooth color is comparable with human visual determination. On 30 patients, three operators with unreported visual color deficiency independently selected the best match to the middle third of unrestored maxillary central incisors, using a Vita Classical Shade Guide. The same teeth were measured by means of a reflectance spectrophotometer. In the human group, all 3 visual shade selections matched in only 26.6%. In the spectrophotometric group, all 3 shade selections matched in 83.3%. In 93.3%, Delta E values of visually assessed tooth shades were higher than spectrophotometrically assessed Delta E values (p < 0.0001). The results suggest that spectrophotometric shade analysis is more accurate and more reproducible compared with human shade assessment.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 August 2002
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:23
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:18
Publisher:Sage Publications
ISSN:0022-0345
Publisher DOI:10.1177/154405910208100815
Related URLs:http://jdr.iadrjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/81/8/578
PubMed ID:12147751
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-1468

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