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Condylar and incisor trajectories are often used for the study of mandibular movements. Condylar trajectories, however, depend on the location of the reference point and can be interpreted erroneously. In contrast, the helical axis analysis yields an unequivocal description of rigid body kinematics. The aim of this study was to analyze the mandibular helical axis during mastication. Seven subjects without signs and symptoms of craniomandibular disorders and with class I occlusion were recorded by means of the opto-electronic system Jaws-3D during unilateral mastication of bread cubes (2-cm side). The helical axis was computed every 14 ms with a rotation threshold of 1 . Parameters describing its spatial orientation and position relative to the condyles were calculated. The helical axis changed orientation and position more pronouncedly during the closing than during the opening phases of mastication. The orientation varied significantly from beginning to end of closing but not of opening, indicating less fluctuation of the helical axis on opening than on closing. Also, the distance dCP between helical axis and reference condylar point varied more significantly (p < 0.05) on the working than on the balancing side: On the working side, dCP decreased during both opening and closing, whereas on the balancing side, dCP increased only for closing. Furthermore, the helical axis pathway often showed a bowing ventrally to the balancing condyle, indicating that, during closing, the balancing condyle still translated backward while essentially only rotation occurred around the working condyle. Thus, the helical axis changed its position and orientation continuously during mastication.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Masticatory Disorders and Complete Dentures, Geriatric and Special Care Dentistry|
|DDC:||610 Medicine & health|
|Date:||01 August 2000|
|Deposited On:||11 Feb 2008 13:23|
|Last Modified:||28 Nov 2013 01:34|
|Citations:||Web of Science®. Times cited: 28|
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