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Osteoradionecrosis of the mandibula in patients treated with different fractionations.


Studer, G; Grätz, K W; Glanzmann, C (2004). Osteoradionecrosis of the mandibula in patients treated with different fractionations. Strahlentherapie und Onkologie, 180(4):233-240.

Abstract

PURPOSE: The incidence of osteonecrosis of the mandibula (ON) after irradiation using modern three-dimensional planning as well as hyperfractionation or moderately accelerated irradiation has been evaluated and compared with the incidence of the preceding period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The records of 268 head and neck cancer patients irradiated between January 1, 1980 and December 31, 1998 with a dose to the mandibula of at least 60 Gy were retrospectively analyzed. All patients had CT-based treatment planning, computerized dose calculation with isodose charts also in several off-axis planes, and regular verification films. RESULTS: The long-term cumulative incidence of ON needing mandibular resection was as follows: after conventional fractionation 6.2% (between 60 and 66.6 Gy target dose) or 20.1% (between > 66.6 and 72 Gy); after hyperfractionated irradiation with a target dose between 72 and 78.8 Gy 6.6%; after concomitant boost irradiation according to the MDA/Houston regime with a dose between 63.9 and 70.5 Gy: no case; after 6 x 2 Gy/week or 7 x 1.8 Gy/week and a total target dose between 66 and 72 Gy approximately 17% or higher (small patient number). CONCLUSION: Comparison of the incidence of ON during the period between 1980 and 1990 with the following period between 1990 and 1998 shows a decrease in risk to a value of approximately 5% using modern three-dimensional techniques as well as hyperfractionation or moderately accelerated fractionation.

PURPOSE: The incidence of osteonecrosis of the mandibula (ON) after irradiation using modern three-dimensional planning as well as hyperfractionation or moderately accelerated irradiation has been evaluated and compared with the incidence of the preceding period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The records of 268 head and neck cancer patients irradiated between January 1, 1980 and December 31, 1998 with a dose to the mandibula of at least 60 Gy were retrospectively analyzed. All patients had CT-based treatment planning, computerized dose calculation with isodose charts also in several off-axis planes, and regular verification films. RESULTS: The long-term cumulative incidence of ON needing mandibular resection was as follows: after conventional fractionation 6.2% (between 60 and 66.6 Gy target dose) or 20.1% (between > 66.6 and 72 Gy); after hyperfractionated irradiation with a target dose between 72 and 78.8 Gy 6.6%; after concomitant boost irradiation according to the MDA/Houston regime with a dose between 63.9 and 70.5 Gy: no case; after 6 x 2 Gy/week or 7 x 1.8 Gy/week and a total target dose between 66 and 72 Gy approximately 17% or higher (small patient number). CONCLUSION: Comparison of the incidence of ON during the period between 1980 and 1990 with the following period between 1990 and 1998 shows a decrease in risk to a value of approximately 5% using modern three-dimensional techniques as well as hyperfractionation or moderately accelerated fractionation.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 April 2004
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:23
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:19
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0179-7158
Publisher DOI:10.1007/s00066-004-1171-z
PubMed ID:15057434

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