Eyrich, G K; Bruder, E; Hilfiker, P; Dubno, B; Quick, H H; Patak, M A; Grätz, K W; Sailer, H F (2000). Temperature mapping of magnetic resonance-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) in lymphangiomas of the head and neck. Lasers in Surgery and Medicine, 26(5):467-476.
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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Lymphangiomas of the tongue and neck are uncommon benign congenital lymphatic tumors. These vascular lesions are difficult to treat, frequently recur, and can cause patients significant morbidity. Treatment may also be complicated by adjacent vital anatomic structures. Magnetic resonance (MR)-controlled laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy (LITT) has been proven to be a noninvasive safe treatment. Real-time monitoring of tissue temperature with thermosensitive sequences allows controlled coagulation necrosis. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: LITT was performed in a lymphangioma specimen ex vivo. In four patients (eight procedures) with lymphangiomas of the tongue and neck, MR-guided LITT was performed with a percutaneous approach in a multiapplicator technique. The laser system consisted of a titanium catheter and a protective catheter. The dome of the fiber end had a diameter of 1.4 mm with an active length of 20 mm. Temperature sensitive sequences were used in a 0.5 T open-configured MR scanner with the proton frequency shift technique to map the spatial and temporal distribution of Nd:YAG laser effects (7 Watts, 30 pulses per second, 10 minutes/location). Postoperative MR follow-up was performed at 1 week and at 3 months. In three patients, partial resection of the tumor was performed 6 months after LITT. RESULTS: In three patients, MR clearly showed a diminished tumor volume. All four patients reported subjective amelioration and in three patients former functional problems, such as speech and swallowing were improved. MR thermometry allowed accurate demarcation of changes by heat and distinction of affected tumor volume (3.0 cm +/- 0.3 cm). The histology of the patients 6 months after LITT showed laser-induced fibrosis of former lymphatic tissue. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that LITT can be performed safely with tissue preserving of vital structures and can be effective in the treatment of deep tumors, such as lymphangiomas. However, given the nature of the lesion, the potential for recurrence exists no matter what modality is chosen.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery|
|Dewey Decimal Classification:||610 Medicine & health|
|Deposited On:||11 Feb 2008 12:23|
|Last Modified:||27 Nov 2013 17:30|
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