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Loose bodies in the temporomandibular joint. The advantages of arthroscopy


Carls, F R; von Hochstetter, A; Engelke, W; Sailer, H F (1995). Loose bodies in the temporomandibular joint. The advantages of arthroscopy. Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, 23(4):215-221.

Abstract

Loose bodies are a rare cause of temporomandibular joint symptoms. Their main source is synovial chondromatosis. We report on clinical findings, diagnostic methods, treatment choices and outcome following the removal of loose bodies in 10 patients. Seven patients were evaluated and treated by means of arthroscopy, while in three patients open arthrotomy was performed. In five patients, no diagnostic imaging technique had demonstrated the presence of loose bodies prior to arthroscopy. In six patients, histology revealed synovial chondromatosis. In four patients, osteochondral fragments alone were found. Until now, the recommended treatment of choice for the removal of all loose bodies and of affected synovial tissue required open arthrotomy. We conclude that the advantages of arthroscopy consist in locating loose bodies that are not detectable radiologically and in reducing operative trauma.

Loose bodies are a rare cause of temporomandibular joint symptoms. Their main source is synovial chondromatosis. We report on clinical findings, diagnostic methods, treatment choices and outcome following the removal of loose bodies in 10 patients. Seven patients were evaluated and treated by means of arthroscopy, while in three patients open arthrotomy was performed. In five patients, no diagnostic imaging technique had demonstrated the presence of loose bodies prior to arthroscopy. In six patients, histology revealed synovial chondromatosis. In four patients, osteochondral fragments alone were found. Until now, the recommended treatment of choice for the removal of all loose bodies and of affected synovial tissue required open arthrotomy. We conclude that the advantages of arthroscopy consist in locating loose bodies that are not detectable radiologically and in reducing operative trauma.

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26 citations in Web of Science®
25 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 August 1995
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:23
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:19
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1010-5182
Publisher DOI:10.1016/S1010-5182(05)80210-0
PubMed ID:7560106

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