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Experimental model to evaluate in vivo and in vitro cartilage MR imaging by means of histological analyses


Bittersohl, B; Mamisch, T C; Welsch, G H; Stratmann, J; Forst, R; Swoboda, B; Bautz, W; von Rechenberg, B; Cavallaro, A (2009). Experimental model to evaluate in vivo and in vitro cartilage MR imaging by means of histological analyses. European Journal of Radiology, 70(3):561-569.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Implementation of an experimental model to compare cartilage MR imaging by means of histological analyses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: MRI was obtained from 4 patients expecting total knee replacement at 1.5 and/or 3T prior surgery. The timeframe between pre-op MRI and knee replacement was within two days. Resected cartilage-bone samples were tagged with Ethi((R))-pins to reproduce the histological cutting course. Pre-operative scanning at 1.5T included following parameters for fast low angle shot (FLASH: TR/TE/FA=33ms/6ms/30 degrees , BW=110kHz, 120mmx120mm FOV, 256x256 matrix, 0.65mm slice-thickness) and double echo steady state (DESS: TR/TE/FA=23.7ms/6.9ms/40 degrees , BW=130kHz, 120x120mm FOV, 256x256 matrix, 0.65mm slice-thickness). At 3T, scan parameters were: FLASH (TR/TE/FA=12.2ms/5.1ms/10 degrees , BW=130kHz, 170x170mm FOV, 320x320, 0.5mm slice-thickness) and DESS (TR/TE/FA=15.6ms/4.5ms/25 degrees , BW=200kHz, 135mmx150mm FOV, 288x320matrix, 0.5mm slice-thickness). Imaging of the specimens was done the same day at 1.5T. MRI (Noyes) and histological (Mankin) score scales were correlated using the paired t-test. Sensitivity and specificity for the detection of different grades of cartilage degeneration were assessed. Inter-reader and intra-reader reliability was determined using Kappa analysis. RESULTS: Low correlation (sensitivity, specificity) was found for both sequences in normal to mild Mankin grades. Only moderate to severe changes were diagnosed with higher significance and specificity. The use of higher field-strengths was advantageous for both protocols with sensitivity values ranging from 13.6% to 93.3% (FLASH) and 20.5% to 96.2% (DESS). Kappa values ranged from 0.488 to 0.944. CONCLUSIONS: Correlating MR images with continuous histological slices was feasible by using three-dimensional imaging, multi-planar-reformat and marker pins. The capability of diagnosing early cartilage changes with high accuracy could not be proven for both FLASH and DESS.

OBJECTIVES: Implementation of an experimental model to compare cartilage MR imaging by means of histological analyses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: MRI was obtained from 4 patients expecting total knee replacement at 1.5 and/or 3T prior surgery. The timeframe between pre-op MRI and knee replacement was within two days. Resected cartilage-bone samples were tagged with Ethi((R))-pins to reproduce the histological cutting course. Pre-operative scanning at 1.5T included following parameters for fast low angle shot (FLASH: TR/TE/FA=33ms/6ms/30 degrees , BW=110kHz, 120mmx120mm FOV, 256x256 matrix, 0.65mm slice-thickness) and double echo steady state (DESS: TR/TE/FA=23.7ms/6.9ms/40 degrees , BW=130kHz, 120x120mm FOV, 256x256 matrix, 0.65mm slice-thickness). At 3T, scan parameters were: FLASH (TR/TE/FA=12.2ms/5.1ms/10 degrees , BW=130kHz, 170x170mm FOV, 320x320, 0.5mm slice-thickness) and DESS (TR/TE/FA=15.6ms/4.5ms/25 degrees , BW=200kHz, 135mmx150mm FOV, 288x320matrix, 0.5mm slice-thickness). Imaging of the specimens was done the same day at 1.5T. MRI (Noyes) and histological (Mankin) score scales were correlated using the paired t-test. Sensitivity and specificity for the detection of different grades of cartilage degeneration were assessed. Inter-reader and intra-reader reliability was determined using Kappa analysis. RESULTS: Low correlation (sensitivity, specificity) was found for both sequences in normal to mild Mankin grades. Only moderate to severe changes were diagnosed with higher significance and specificity. The use of higher field-strengths was advantageous for both protocols with sensitivity values ranging from 13.6% to 93.3% (FLASH) and 20.5% to 96.2% (DESS). Kappa values ranged from 0.488 to 0.944. CONCLUSIONS: Correlating MR images with continuous histological slices was feasible by using three-dimensional imaging, multi-planar-reformat and marker pins. The capability of diagnosing early cartilage changes with high accuracy could not be proven for both FLASH and DESS.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Equine Department
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:English
Date:June 2009
Deposited On:20 Feb 2009 14:18
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:04
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0720-048X
Publisher DOI:10.1016/j.ejrad.2008.02.031
PubMed ID:18434064
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-15779

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