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Ischemic postconditioning protects remodeled myocardium via the PI3K-PKB/Akt reperfusion injury salvage kinase pathway


Zhu, M; Feng, J; Lucchinetti, E; Fischer, G; Xu, L; Pedrazzini, T; Schaub, M C; Zaugg, M (2006). Ischemic postconditioning protects remodeled myocardium via the PI3K-PKB/Akt reperfusion injury salvage kinase pathway. Cardiovascular Research, 72(1):152-162.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We tested whether ischemic postconditioning (IPostC) is protective in remodeled myocardium. METHODS: Post-myocardial infarct (MI)-remodeled hearts after permanent coronary artery ligation and one kidney one clip (1K1C) hypertensive hearts of male Wistar rats were exposed to 40 min of ischemia followed by 90 min of reperfusion. IPostC was induced by six cycles of 10 s reperfusion interspersed by 10 s of no-flow ischemia. Activation of reperfusion injury salvage kinases was measured using Western blotting and in vitro kinase activity assays. RESULTS: IPostC prevented myocardial damage in both MI-remodeled and 1K1C hearts, as measured by decreased infarct size and lactate dehydrogenase release, and improved function. The reduction in infarct size and the recovery of left ventricular contractility achieved by IPostC was less in 1K1C hearts, but was unchanged in MI-remodeled hearts when compared to healthy hearts. In contrast, the recovery of inotropy was unaffected in 1K1C hearts, but was less in MI-remodeled hearts. Inhibition of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway with LY294002 abolished the protective effects of IPostC on both disease models and healthy hearts. Western blot analysis in conjunction with in vitro kinase activity assays identified protein kinase B (PKB)/Akt but not p42/p44 extracellular-signal regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) as the predominant kinase in IPostC-mediated cardioprotection in remodeled hearts. IPostC increased phosphorylation of the PKB/Akt downstream targets eNOS, GSK3beta, and p70S6K in remodeled hearts. CONCLUSION: Our results offer evidence that IPostC mediates cardioprotection in the remodeled rat myocardium primarily via activation of the PI3K-PKB/Akt reperfusion injury salvage kinase pathway.

OBJECTIVE: We tested whether ischemic postconditioning (IPostC) is protective in remodeled myocardium. METHODS: Post-myocardial infarct (MI)-remodeled hearts after permanent coronary artery ligation and one kidney one clip (1K1C) hypertensive hearts of male Wistar rats were exposed to 40 min of ischemia followed by 90 min of reperfusion. IPostC was induced by six cycles of 10 s reperfusion interspersed by 10 s of no-flow ischemia. Activation of reperfusion injury salvage kinases was measured using Western blotting and in vitro kinase activity assays. RESULTS: IPostC prevented myocardial damage in both MI-remodeled and 1K1C hearts, as measured by decreased infarct size and lactate dehydrogenase release, and improved function. The reduction in infarct size and the recovery of left ventricular contractility achieved by IPostC was less in 1K1C hearts, but was unchanged in MI-remodeled hearts when compared to healthy hearts. In contrast, the recovery of inotropy was unaffected in 1K1C hearts, but was less in MI-remodeled hearts. Inhibition of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway with LY294002 abolished the protective effects of IPostC on both disease models and healthy hearts. Western blot analysis in conjunction with in vitro kinase activity assays identified protein kinase B (PKB)/Akt but not p42/p44 extracellular-signal regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) as the predominant kinase in IPostC-mediated cardioprotection in remodeled hearts. IPostC increased phosphorylation of the PKB/Akt downstream targets eNOS, GSK3beta, and p70S6K in remodeled hearts. CONCLUSION: Our results offer evidence that IPostC mediates cardioprotection in the remodeled rat myocardium primarily via activation of the PI3K-PKB/Akt reperfusion injury salvage kinase pathway.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Laboratory Animal Science
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Anesthesiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 October 2006
Deposited On:18 Mar 2009 19:41
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:05
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0008-6363
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:10.1016/j.cardiores.2006.06.027
PubMed ID:16901477
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-16065

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