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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-16077

Rexhepaj, R; Grahammer, F; Völkl, H; Remy, C; Wagner, C A; Sandulache, D; Artunc, F; Henke, G; Nammi, S; Capasso, G; Alessi, D R; Lang, F (2006). Reduced intestinal and renal amino acid transport in PDK1 hypomorphic mice. FASEB Journal, 20(13):2214-2222.

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Abstract

The phosphoinositide-dependent kinase PDK1 activates the serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase isoforms SGK1, SGK2, and SGK3 and protein kinase B, which in turn are known to up-regulate a variety of sodium-coupled transporters. The present study was performed to explore the role of PDK1 in amino acid transport. As mice completely lacking functional PDK1 are not viable, mice expressing 10-25% of PDK1 (pdk1(hm)) were compared with their wild-type (WT) littermates (pdk1(wt)). Body weight was significantly less in pdk1(hm) than in pdk1(wt) mice. Despite lower body weight of pdk1(hm) mice, food and water intake were similar in pdk1(hm) and pdk1(wt) mice. According to Ussing chamber experiments, electrogenic transport of phenylalanine, cysteine, glutamine, proline, leucine, and tryptophan was significantly smaller in jejunum of pdk1(hm) mice than in pdk1(wt) mice. Similarly, electrogenic transport of phenylalanine, glutamine, and proline was significantly decreased in isolated perfused proximal tubules of pdk1(hm) mice. The urinary excretion of proline, valine, guanidinoacetate, methionine, phenylalanine, citrulline, glutamine/glutamate, and tryptophan was significantly larger in pdk1(hm) than in pdk1(wt) mice. According to immunoblotting of brush border membrane proteins prepared from kidney, expression of the Na+-dependent neutral amino acid transporter B(0)AT1 (SLC6A19), the glutamate transporter EAAC1/EAAT3 (SLC1A1), and the transporter for cationic amino acids and cystine b(0,+)AT (SLC7A9) was decreased but the Na+/proline cotransporter SIT (SLC6A20) was increased in pdk1(hm) mice. In conclusion, reduction of functional PDK1 leads to impairment of intestinal absorption and renal reabsorption of amino acids. The combined intestinal and renal loss of amino acids may contribute to the growth defect of PDK1-deficient mice.

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
DDC:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:November 2006
Deposited On:23 Mar 2009 16:55
Last Modified:27 Nov 2013 22:08
Publisher:Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
ISSN:0892-6638
Publisher DOI:10.1096/fj.05-5676com
PubMed ID:17077298
Citations:Web of Science®. Times Cited: 18
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Scopus®. Citation Count: 16

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