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Apamin-sensitive conductance mediates the K+ current response during chemical ischemia in CA3 pyramidal cells


Tanabe, M; Mori, M; Gähwiler, B H; Gerber, U (1999). Apamin-sensitive conductance mediates the K+ current response during chemical ischemia in CA3 pyramidal cells. Journal of Neurophysiology, 82(6):2876-2882.

Abstract

Pyramidal cells typically respond to ischemia with initial transient hyperpolarization, which may represent a neuroprotective response. To identify the conductance underlying this hyperpolarization in CA3 pyramidal neurons of rat hippocampal organotypic slice cultures, recordings were obtained using the single-electrode voltage-clamp technique. Brief chemical ischemia (2 mM 2-deoxyglucose and 3 mM NaN(3), for 4 min) induced a response mediated by an increase in K(+) conductance. This current was blocked by intracellular application of the Ca(2+) chelator, bis-(o-aminophenoxy)-N,N,N', N'-tetraacetic acid (BAPTA), reduced with low external [Ca(2+)], and inhibited by a selective L-type Ca(2+) channel inhibitor, isradipine, consistent with the activation of a Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) conductance. Experiments with charybdotoxin (10 nM) and tetraethylammonium (TEA; 1 mM), or with the protein kinase C activator, phorbol 12,13-diacetate (PDAc; 3 microM), ruled out an involvement of a large conductance-type or an apamin-insensitive small conductance, respectively. In the presence of apamin (1 microM), however, the outward current was significantly reduced. These results demonstrate that in rat hippocampal CA3 pyramidal neurons an apamin-sensitive Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) conductance is activated in response to brief ischemia generating a pronounced outward current.

Pyramidal cells typically respond to ischemia with initial transient hyperpolarization, which may represent a neuroprotective response. To identify the conductance underlying this hyperpolarization in CA3 pyramidal neurons of rat hippocampal organotypic slice cultures, recordings were obtained using the single-electrode voltage-clamp technique. Brief chemical ischemia (2 mM 2-deoxyglucose and 3 mM NaN(3), for 4 min) induced a response mediated by an increase in K(+) conductance. This current was blocked by intracellular application of the Ca(2+) chelator, bis-(o-aminophenoxy)-N,N,N', N'-tetraacetic acid (BAPTA), reduced with low external [Ca(2+)], and inhibited by a selective L-type Ca(2+) channel inhibitor, isradipine, consistent with the activation of a Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) conductance. Experiments with charybdotoxin (10 nM) and tetraethylammonium (TEA; 1 mM), or with the protein kinase C activator, phorbol 12,13-diacetate (PDAc; 3 microM), ruled out an involvement of a large conductance-type or an apamin-insensitive small conductance, respectively. In the presence of apamin (1 microM), however, the outward current was significantly reduced. These results demonstrate that in rat hippocampal CA3 pyramidal neurons an apamin-sensitive Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) conductance is activated in response to brief ischemia generating a pronounced outward current.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Brain Research Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1999
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:13
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:12
Publisher:American Physiological Society
ISSN:0022-3077
Related URLs:http://jn.physiology.org/cgi/content/full/82/6/2876
PubMed ID:10601426

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