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Comparison of the proliferative effects of ethinylestradiol on human breast cancer cells in an intermittent and a continuous dosing regime


Merki-Feld, G S; Seeger, H; Mueck, A O (2008). Comparison of the proliferative effects of ethinylestradiol on human breast cancer cells in an intermittent and a continuous dosing regime. Hormone and Metabolic Research = Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones et métabolisme, 40(3):206-209.

Abstract

Many women would prefer fewer bleeding episodes while taking oral contraceptives. For this reason and with the intention of reducing menstruation-associated symptoms, an extended-cycle contraceptive is considered in the present paper. However, it remains unknown whether this long-term treatment is associated with a different breast cancer risk from that of the usual treatment. Therefore, in the present in vitro work we intend to compare the effect of these different treatment regimens on breast cancer risk. MCF-7 cells (human estrogen- and progesterone-receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer cells) and HCC1500 cells (human estrogen- and progesterone-receptor-positive primary breast cancer cells) were incubated with physiological concentrations of ethinylestradiol (EE). Usual and extended cycles were mimicked by incubation periods of 18 hours with EE followed by 6 hours without EE and 24 hours with EE for 3 days, respectively. In both cell lines, EE elicited a significant increase in the proliferation rate. No significant difference was found between the two incubation periods. Our results indicate that continuously administered ethinylestradiol may not increase breast cancer risk in comparison to intermittent application. However, clinical studies are necessary to prove these in vitro results.

Many women would prefer fewer bleeding episodes while taking oral contraceptives. For this reason and with the intention of reducing menstruation-associated symptoms, an extended-cycle contraceptive is considered in the present paper. However, it remains unknown whether this long-term treatment is associated with a different breast cancer risk from that of the usual treatment. Therefore, in the present in vitro work we intend to compare the effect of these different treatment regimens on breast cancer risk. MCF-7 cells (human estrogen- and progesterone-receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer cells) and HCC1500 cells (human estrogen- and progesterone-receptor-positive primary breast cancer cells) were incubated with physiological concentrations of ethinylestradiol (EE). Usual and extended cycles were mimicked by incubation periods of 18 hours with EE followed by 6 hours without EE and 24 hours with EE for 3 days, respectively. In both cell lines, EE elicited a significant increase in the proliferation rate. No significant difference was found between the two incubation periods. Our results indicate that continuously administered ethinylestradiol may not increase breast cancer risk in comparison to intermittent application. However, clinical studies are necessary to prove these in vitro results.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Reproductive Endocrinology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:24 Feb 2009 14:20
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:06
Publisher:Thieme
ISSN:0018-5043
Additional Information:Copyright: Georg Thieme Verlag
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2007-1004540
PubMed ID:18197584
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-16337

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