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A pathway for phagosome maturation during engulfment of apoptotic cells


Kinchen, J M; Doukoumetzidis, K; Almendinger, J; Stergiou, L; Tosello-Trampont, A; Sifri, C D; Hengartner, M O; Ravichandran, K S (2008). A pathway for phagosome maturation during engulfment of apoptotic cells. Nature Cell Biology, 10(5):556-566.

Abstract

Removal of apoptotic cells is critical for the physiological well-being of the organism and defects in corpse removal have been linked to disease states. Genes regulating corpse recognition and internalization have been identified, but few molecules involved in the processing of internalized corpses are known. Through a combination of targeted and unbiased reverse genetic screens in Caenorhabditis elegans, and studies in mammalian cells, we have identified genes required for maturation of apoptotic-cell-containing phagosomes. We have further ordered these candidates, which include the GTPases RAB-5 and RAB-7 and the HOPS complex, into a coherent linear pathway for the maturation of apoptotic cells within phagosomes. In depth analysis of two additional candidate genes, the phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI(3)K) vps-34 (A001762) and dyn-1/dynamin, showed an accumulation of internalized, but undegraded, corpses within abnormal Rab5-negative phagosomes. We ordered these candidates in our pathway, with DYN-1 functioning upstream of VPS-34 in the recruitment and/or retention of RAB-5 to the phagosome. Finally, we have also identified a previously undescribed biochemical complex containing Vps34, dynamin and Rab5(GDP), thus providing a mechanism for Rab5 recruitment to the nascent phagosome.

Removal of apoptotic cells is critical for the physiological well-being of the organism and defects in corpse removal have been linked to disease states. Genes regulating corpse recognition and internalization have been identified, but few molecules involved in the processing of internalized corpses are known. Through a combination of targeted and unbiased reverse genetic screens in Caenorhabditis elegans, and studies in mammalian cells, we have identified genes required for maturation of apoptotic-cell-containing phagosomes. We have further ordered these candidates, which include the GTPases RAB-5 and RAB-7 and the HOPS complex, into a coherent linear pathway for the maturation of apoptotic cells within phagosomes. In depth analysis of two additional candidate genes, the phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI(3)K) vps-34 (A001762) and dyn-1/dynamin, showed an accumulation of internalized, but undegraded, corpses within abnormal Rab5-negative phagosomes. We ordered these candidates in our pathway, with DYN-1 functioning upstream of VPS-34 in the recruitment and/or retention of RAB-5 to the phagosome. Finally, we have also identified a previously undescribed biochemical complex containing Vps34, dynamin and Rab5(GDP), thus providing a mechanism for Rab5 recruitment to the nascent phagosome.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Life Sciences
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:06 Mar 2009 11:35
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:07
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:1465-7392
Publisher DOI:10.1038/ncb1718
PubMed ID:18425118
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-16592

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