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Acid-base and metal-ion binding properties of the RNA dinucleotide uridylyl-(5'-->3')-[5']uridylate (pUpU3-)


Knobloch, B; Suliga, D; Okruszek, A; Sigel, R K O (2005). Acid-base and metal-ion binding properties of the RNA dinucleotide uridylyl-(5'-->3')-[5']uridylate (pUpU3-). Chemistry - A European Journal, 11(14):4163-4170.

Abstract

It is well known that Mg(2+) and other divalent metal ions bind to the phosphate groups of nucleic acids. Subtle differences in the coordination properties of these metal ions to RNA, especially to ribozymes, determine whether they either promote or inhibit catalytic activity. The ability of metal ions to coordinate simultaneously with two neighboring phosphate groups is important for ribozyme structure and activity. However, such an interaction has not yet been quantified. Here, we have performed potentiometric pH titrations to determine the acidity constants of the protonated dinucleotide H(2)(pUpU)(-), as well as the binding properties of pUpU(3-) towards Mg(2+), Mn(2+), Cd(2+), Zn(2+), and Pb(2+). Whereas Mg(2+), Mn(2+), and Cd(2+) only bind to the more basic 5'-terminal phosphate group, Pb(2+), and to a certain extent also Zn(2+), show a remarkably enhanced stability of the [M(pUpU)](-) complex. This can be attributed to the formation of a macrochelate by bridging the two phosphate groups within this dinucleotide by these metal ions. Such a macrochelate is also possible in an oligonucleotide, because the basic structural units are the same, despite the difference in charge. The formation degrees of the macrochelated species of [Zn(pUpU)](-) and [Pb(pUpU)](-) amount to around 25 and 90 %, respectively. These findings are important in the context of ribozyme and DNAzyme catalysis, and explain, for example, why the leadzyme could be selected in the first place, and why this artificial ribozyme is inhibited by other divalent metal ions, such as Mg(2+).

It is well known that Mg(2+) and other divalent metal ions bind to the phosphate groups of nucleic acids. Subtle differences in the coordination properties of these metal ions to RNA, especially to ribozymes, determine whether they either promote or inhibit catalytic activity. The ability of metal ions to coordinate simultaneously with two neighboring phosphate groups is important for ribozyme structure and activity. However, such an interaction has not yet been quantified. Here, we have performed potentiometric pH titrations to determine the acidity constants of the protonated dinucleotide H(2)(pUpU)(-), as well as the binding properties of pUpU(3-) towards Mg(2+), Mn(2+), Cd(2+), Zn(2+), and Pb(2+). Whereas Mg(2+), Mn(2+), and Cd(2+) only bind to the more basic 5'-terminal phosphate group, Pb(2+), and to a certain extent also Zn(2+), show a remarkably enhanced stability of the [M(pUpU)](-) complex. This can be attributed to the formation of a macrochelate by bridging the two phosphate groups within this dinucleotide by these metal ions. Such a macrochelate is also possible in an oligonucleotide, because the basic structural units are the same, despite the difference in charge. The formation degrees of the macrochelated species of [Zn(pUpU)](-) and [Pb(pUpU)](-) amount to around 25 and 90 %, respectively. These findings are important in the context of ribozyme and DNAzyme catalysis, and explain, for example, why the leadzyme could be selected in the first place, and why this artificial ribozyme is inhibited by other divalent metal ions, such as Mg(2+).

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:4 July 2005
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:24
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:20
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0947-6539
Publisher DOI:10.1002/chem.200500013
Related URLs:http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/abstract/110483921/ABSTRACT
PubMed ID:15861476
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-1698

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