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Heme carrier protein (HCP-1) spatially interacts with the CD163 hemoglobin uptake pathway and is a target of inflammatory macrophage activation


Schaer, C A; Vallelian, F; Imhof, A; Schoedon, G; Schaer, D J (2008). Heme carrier protein (HCP-1) spatially interacts with the CD163 hemoglobin uptake pathway and is a target of inflammatory macrophage activation. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 83(2):325-333.

Abstract

Macrophages constitute the major cellular compartment for hemoglobin (Hb) degradation and subsequent recycling of heme-iron to erythropoiesis. Dysregulation of macrophage iron and heme metabolism is a major pathophysiologic determinant of anemia of chronic disease. In this study, we show that the heme transporter heme carrier protein 1 (HCP-1) is expressed in human macrophages. Within early endosomes, HCP-1 colocalizes with endocytosed Hb-haptoglobin (Hp) complexes, which are taken up via the CD163 scavenger receptor pathway. Hb-Hp passes the divalent metal transporter 1B/HCP-1-positive endosomal compartment on its route from the cell surface to lysosomes. HCP-1 mRNA and protein expression are down-regulated by stimulation of macrophages with various TLR agonists and IFN-{gamma}. The profound suppression of HCP-1 expression by inflammatory macrophage activation parallels the regulation of the iron exporter ferroportin. In contrast, dexamethasone enhanced HCP-1 expression significantly. Given the spatial relationship, we propose that the Hb scavenger receptor CD163 and HCP-1 constitute a linked pathway for Hb catabolism and heme-iron recycling in human macrophages.

Macrophages constitute the major cellular compartment for hemoglobin (Hb) degradation and subsequent recycling of heme-iron to erythropoiesis. Dysregulation of macrophage iron and heme metabolism is a major pathophysiologic determinant of anemia of chronic disease. In this study, we show that the heme transporter heme carrier protein 1 (HCP-1) is expressed in human macrophages. Within early endosomes, HCP-1 colocalizes with endocytosed Hb-haptoglobin (Hp) complexes, which are taken up via the CD163 scavenger receptor pathway. Hb-Hp passes the divalent metal transporter 1B/HCP-1-positive endosomal compartment on its route from the cell surface to lysosomes. HCP-1 mRNA and protein expression are down-regulated by stimulation of macrophages with various TLR agonists and IFN-{gamma}. The profound suppression of HCP-1 expression by inflammatory macrophage activation parallels the regulation of the iron exporter ferroportin. In contrast, dexamethasone enhanced HCP-1 expression significantly. Given the spatial relationship, we propose that the Hb scavenger receptor CD163 and HCP-1 constitute a linked pathway for Hb catabolism and heme-iron recycling in human macrophages.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic and Policlinic for Internal Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:03 Mar 2009 10:50
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:08
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0741-5400
Additional Information:Full text at http://www.jleukbio.org/cgi/content/abstract/jlb.0407226v1
Publisher DOI:10.1189/jlb.0407226

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