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Chapter 71. Vitamin and Trace Mineral Deficiency and Excess
Sections: Vitamin and Trace Mineral Deficiency and Excess: Introduction, Vitamins, Thiamine (Vitamin B1), Riboflavin (Vitamin B2), Niacin (Vitamin B3), Pyridoxine (Vitamin B6), Folate, Vitamin B12, Vitamin C, Biotin, Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5), Choline, Flavonoids, Vitamin A, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vitamin K, Minerals, Introduction, Calcium, Zinc, Copper, Selenium, Chromium, Magnesium, Fluoride, Manganese, and Ultratrace Elements, Further Readings.
Topics Discussed: avitaminosis; mineral deficiency; mineral excess; vitamins.
Excerpt: " Vitamins and trace minerals are required constituents of the human diet since they are either inadequately synthesized or not synthesized in the human body. Only small amounts of these substances are needed for carrying out essential biochemical reactions (e.g., acting as coenzymes or prosthetic groups). Overt vitamin or trace mineral deficiencies are rare in Western countries due to a plentiful, varied, and inexpensive food supply; however, multiple nutrient deficiencies may appear together in persons who are chronically ill or alcoholic. Moreover, subclinical vitamin and trace mineral deficiencies, as diagnosed by laboratory testing, are quite common in the normal population—especially in the geriatric age group...."
|Item Type:||Book Section, refereed, further contribution|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic and Policlinic for Internal Medicine|
|DDC:||610 Medicine & health|
|Deposited On:||03 Mar 2009 11:40|
|Last Modified:||04 Apr 2012 12:43|
|Publisher:||Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft (WVG)|
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