Schibli, R; Schwarzbach, R; Alberto, R; Ortner, K; Schmalle, H W; Dumas, C; Egli, A; Schubiger, P A (2002). Steps toward high specific activity labeling of biomolecules for therapeutic application: preparation of precursor [(188)Re(H(2)O)(3)(CO)(3)](+) and synthesis of tailor-made bifunctional ligand systems. Bioconjugate Chemistry, 13(4):750-756.
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Two kit preparations of the organometallic precursor [(188)Re(H(2)O)(3)(CO)(3)](+) in aqueous media are presented. Method A uses gaseous carbon monoxide and amine borane (BH(3).NH(3)) as the reducing agent. In method B CO(g) is replaced by K(2)[H(3)BCO(2)] that releases carbon monoxide during hydrolysis. Both procedures afford the desired precursor in yields >85% after 10 min at 60 degrees C. HPLC and TLC analyses revealed 7 +/- 3% of unreacted (188)ReO(4)(-) and <5% of colloidal (188)ReO(2). Solutions of up to 14 GBq/mL Re-188 have been successfully carbonylated with these two methods. The syntheses of two tailor-made bifunctional ligand systems for the precursor [(188)Re(H(2)O)(3)(CO)(3)](+) are presented. The tridentate chelates consist of a bis[imidazol-2-yl]methylamine or an iminodiacetic acid moiety, respectively. Both types of ligand systems have been prepared with alkyl spacers of different length and a pendent primary amino or carboxylic acid functionality, enabling the amidic linkage to biomolecules. The tridentate coordination of the ligands to the rhenium-tricarbonyl core could be elucidated on the macroscopic level by X-ray structure analyses and 1D and 2D NMR experiments of two representative model complexes. On the nca level, the ligands allow labeling yields >95% with [(188)Re(H(2)O)(3)(CO)(3)](+) under mild reaction conditions (PBS buffer, 60 degrees C, 60 min) at ligand concentrations between 5 x 10(-4) M and 5 x 10(-5) M. Thus, specific activities of 22-220 GBq pe micromol of ligand could be achieved. Incubation of the corresponding Re-188 complexes in human serum at 37 degrees C revealed stabilities between 80 +/- 4% and 45 +/- 10% at 24 h, respectively, and 63 +/- 3% and 34 +/- 3% at 48 h postincubation in human serum depending on the chelating system. Decomposition product was mainly (188)ReO(4)(-). The routine kit-preparation of the precursor [(188)Re(H(2)O)(3)(CO)(3)](+) in combination with tailor-made ligand systems enables the organometallic labeling of biomolecules with unprecedented high specific activities.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed|
|Communities & Collections:||07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Inorganic Chemistry|
|Deposited On:||11 Feb 2008 13:25|
|Last Modified:||23 Nov 2012 15:46|
|Publisher:||American Chemical Society|
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