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Highly selective dehydrogenative silylation of alkenes catalyzed by rhenium complexes


Jiang, Y; Blacque, O; Fox, T; Frech, C M; Berke, H (2009). Highly selective dehydrogenative silylation of alkenes catalyzed by rhenium complexes. Chemistry - A European Journal, 15(9):2121-2128.

Abstract

Choosy chemicals: Rhenium(I) complexes of type [ReBr(2)(L)(NO)(PR(3))(2)] (L=H(2) (1), CH(3)CN (2), ethylene (3); R=iPr (a), cyclohexyl (b)) proved to be suitable catalyst precursors for the highly selective dehydrogenative silylation of alkenes. Two types of rhenium(I) hydride species, [ReBrH(NO)(PR(3))(2)] (4) and [ReBr(eta(2)-CH(2)=CHR(1))H(NO)(PR(3))(2)] (5), were found in the [ReBr(2)(L)(NO)(PR(3))(2)]-catalyzed dehydrogenative silylation of alkenes.Rhenium(I) complexes of type [ReBr(2)(L)(NO)(PR(3))(2)] (L=H(2) (1), CH(3)CN (2), and ethylene (3); R=iPr (a) and cyclohexyl (Cy; b)) catalyze dehydrogenative silylation of alkenes in a highly selective manner to yield silyl alkenes and the corresponding alkanes. Hydrosilylation products appear only rarely depending on the type of olefinic substituent, and if they do appear then it is in very minor amounts. Mechanistic studies showed that two rhenium(I) hydride species of type [ReBrH(NO)(PR(3))(2)] (R=iPr (4 a) and Cy (4 b)) and [ReBr(eta(2)-CH(2)=CHR(1))H(NO)(PR(3))(2)] (R(1)=p-CH(3)C(6)H(4), R=iPr (5 a), Cy (5 b); R(1)=H, R=iPr (5 a'), Cy (5 b')) are involved in the initiation pathway of the catalysis. The rate-determining steps of the catalytic cycle are the phosphine dissociation from complexes of type 5 and the reductive eliminations to form the alkane components. The catalytic cycle implies that the given rhenium systems have the ability to activate C-H and Si-H bonds through the aid of a facile redox interplay of Re(I) and Re(III) species. The molecular structures of 4 b and 5 a were established by means of X-ray diffraction studies.

Choosy chemicals: Rhenium(I) complexes of type [ReBr(2)(L)(NO)(PR(3))(2)] (L=H(2) (1), CH(3)CN (2), ethylene (3); R=iPr (a), cyclohexyl (b)) proved to be suitable catalyst precursors for the highly selective dehydrogenative silylation of alkenes. Two types of rhenium(I) hydride species, [ReBrH(NO)(PR(3))(2)] (4) and [ReBr(eta(2)-CH(2)=CHR(1))H(NO)(PR(3))(2)] (5), were found in the [ReBr(2)(L)(NO)(PR(3))(2)]-catalyzed dehydrogenative silylation of alkenes.Rhenium(I) complexes of type [ReBr(2)(L)(NO)(PR(3))(2)] (L=H(2) (1), CH(3)CN (2), and ethylene (3); R=iPr (a) and cyclohexyl (Cy; b)) catalyze dehydrogenative silylation of alkenes in a highly selective manner to yield silyl alkenes and the corresponding alkanes. Hydrosilylation products appear only rarely depending on the type of olefinic substituent, and if they do appear then it is in very minor amounts. Mechanistic studies showed that two rhenium(I) hydride species of type [ReBrH(NO)(PR(3))(2)] (R=iPr (4 a) and Cy (4 b)) and [ReBr(eta(2)-CH(2)=CHR(1))H(NO)(PR(3))(2)] (R(1)=p-CH(3)C(6)H(4), R=iPr (5 a), Cy (5 b); R(1)=H, R=iPr (5 a'), Cy (5 b')) are involved in the initiation pathway of the catalysis. The rate-determining steps of the catalytic cycle are the phosphine dissociation from complexes of type 5 and the reductive eliminations to form the alkane components. The catalytic cycle implies that the given rhenium systems have the ability to activate C-H and Si-H bonds through the aid of a facile redox interplay of Re(I) and Re(III) species. The molecular structures of 4 b and 5 a were established by means of X-ray diffraction studies.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:05 Aug 2009 14:19
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:12
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0947-6539
Publisher DOI:10.1002/chem.200802019
PubMed ID:19137560
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-18145

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