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14-3-3 CSF levels in sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease differ across molecular subtypes


Gmitterová, K; Heinemann, U; Bodemer, M; Krasnianski, A; Meissner, B; Kretzschmar, H A; Zerr, I (2009). 14-3-3 CSF levels in sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease differ across molecular subtypes. Neurobiology of Aging, 30(11):1842-1850.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The 14-3-3 protein is a physiological cellular protein expressed in various tissues, and its release to CSF reflects extensive neuronal damage as in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), but also in other neurological diseases. 14-3-3 protein in CSF in the proper clinical context is a reliable diagnostic tool for sporadic CJD. However, the sensitivity varies across molecular CJD subtypes. OBJECTIVE: We determined the level of the 14-3-3 protein in CSF from 70 sporadic CJD patients with distinct molecular subtypes using an improved enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) protocol technique. RESULTS: The 14-3-3 levels varied markedly across various molecular subtypes. The most elevated levels of 14-3-3 protein were observed in the frequently occurring and classical subtypes, whereas the levels were significantly lower in the subtypes with long disease duration and atypical clinical presentation. PRNP codon 129 genotype, PrP(sc) isotype, disease stage and clinical subtype influenced the 14-3-3 level and the test sensitivity. CONCLUSIONS: The 14-3-3 protein levels differ across molecular subtypes and might be used for their early pre-mortem identification when the codon 129 genotype is known, especially for the less common molecular subtypes such as MV2 and MM2.

BACKGROUND: The 14-3-3 protein is a physiological cellular protein expressed in various tissues, and its release to CSF reflects extensive neuronal damage as in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), but also in other neurological diseases. 14-3-3 protein in CSF in the proper clinical context is a reliable diagnostic tool for sporadic CJD. However, the sensitivity varies across molecular CJD subtypes. OBJECTIVE: We determined the level of the 14-3-3 protein in CSF from 70 sporadic CJD patients with distinct molecular subtypes using an improved enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) protocol technique. RESULTS: The 14-3-3 levels varied markedly across various molecular subtypes. The most elevated levels of 14-3-3 protein were observed in the frequently occurring and classical subtypes, whereas the levels were significantly lower in the subtypes with long disease duration and atypical clinical presentation. PRNP codon 129 genotype, PrP(sc) isotype, disease stage and clinical subtype influenced the 14-3-3 level and the test sensitivity. CONCLUSIONS: The 14-3-3 protein levels differ across molecular subtypes and might be used for their early pre-mortem identification when the codon 129 genotype is known, especially for the less common molecular subtypes such as MV2 and MM2.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute for Regenerative Medicine (IREM)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:6 November 2009
Deposited On:17 Jul 2009 10:04
Last Modified:16 Aug 2016 10:13
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0197-4580
Publisher DOI:10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2008.01.007
PubMed ID:18328602
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-18177

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