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Steinbach, J P; Weissenberger, J; Aguzzi, A (1999). Distinct phases of cryogenic tissue damage in the cerebral cortex of wild-type and c-fos deficient mice. Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology, 25(6):468-480.

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To characterize the development of tissue damage following cryogenic injury to the mouse cortex, the time course of histopathological changes, transcriptional responses and DNA strand breaks following application of a liquid nitrogen-cooled probe to the surface of the parietal bone were assessed. Distinct phases of tissue damage were observed: after 30 min, there was demarcation of a core lesion followed by mainly necrotic cell death starting 2 h after injury. At 12 hours, progressive apoptotic death of scattered cells in the periphery of the core lesion was detected, resembling the penumbra observed in ischaemic stroke. In situ hybridization for c-fos revealed an absence of expression in the core region, suggesting early cessation of transcription. There was strong induction of c-fos in the penumbra 30 min after the lesion, which had spread over the ipsilateral hemisphere at 2 h, possibly caused by peri-infarction depolarization. At later time points, sustained expression of c-fos was observed in some cells in the penumbra. Since a role for c-fos has been postulated in the initiation or execution of apoptotic pathways, the susceptibility of c-fos deficient mice was explored (n=4) in this model. Cryoinjury-induced tissue injury was markedly attenuated in c-fos deficient mice. A model of the phases and mechanisms of cryogenic injury is proposed, which discriminates an early phase characterized by physical changes caused by hypothermia and their immediate consequences (i.e. transcriptional block), an intermediate phase where secondary changes lead to necrosis in the core region, and a final phase of delayed apoptotic cell death in the penumbra.


22 citations in Web of Science®
23 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Neuropathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Date:1 December 1999
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:25
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:20
Publisher DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2990.1999.00206.x
PubMed ID:10632897

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