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MR differentiation of adamantinous and squamous-papillary craniopharyngiomas.


Sartoretti-Schefer, S; Wichmann, W; Aguzzi, A; Valavanis, A (1997). MR differentiation of adamantinous and squamous-papillary craniopharyngiomas. American Journal of Neuroradiology : AJNR, 18(1):77-87.

Abstract

PURPOSE: To determine MR criteria for differentiating adamantinous from squamous-papillary craniopharyngiomas. METHODS: The MR imaging features of 42 histologically proved craniopharyngiomas (25 adamantinous, 15 squamous-papillary, and two mixed subtypes) were examined with multiplanar T2-weighted and noncontrast and contrast-enhanced T1-weighted imaging. Differences in the mR features of both subtypes were evaluated retrospectively. RESULTS: The adamantinous craniopharyngioma is a mixed solid-cystic or mainly cystic lobulated suprasellar or intrasellar/suprasellar tumor occurring in children and adults, typically with large nonenhancing hyperintense cysts on T1-weighted images. The squamous-papillary craniopharyngioma is a predominantly solid or mixed solid-cystic suprasellar tumor occurring in adults, appearing as a hypointense cyst on noncontrast T1-weighted images. Calcifications and recurrent tumors are more often observed in adamantinous tumors but can be seen in squamous-papillary tumors as well. Statistically significant parameters useful for differentiating the two tumor subtypes are the encasement of vessels, the lobulated shape, and the presence of hyperintense cysts in adamantinous tumors, and the round shape, the presence of hypointense cysts, and the predominantly solid appearance in squamous-papillary tumors. CONCLUSION: Craniopharyngiomas can be divided into two clinically, histologically different subtypes, which suggests a different pathogenesis of these two types of tumor.

PURPOSE: To determine MR criteria for differentiating adamantinous from squamous-papillary craniopharyngiomas. METHODS: The MR imaging features of 42 histologically proved craniopharyngiomas (25 adamantinous, 15 squamous-papillary, and two mixed subtypes) were examined with multiplanar T2-weighted and noncontrast and contrast-enhanced T1-weighted imaging. Differences in the mR features of both subtypes were evaluated retrospectively. RESULTS: The adamantinous craniopharyngioma is a mixed solid-cystic or mainly cystic lobulated suprasellar or intrasellar/suprasellar tumor occurring in children and adults, typically with large nonenhancing hyperintense cysts on T1-weighted images. The squamous-papillary craniopharyngioma is a predominantly solid or mixed solid-cystic suprasellar tumor occurring in adults, appearing as a hypointense cyst on noncontrast T1-weighted images. Calcifications and recurrent tumors are more often observed in adamantinous tumors but can be seen in squamous-papillary tumors as well. Statistically significant parameters useful for differentiating the two tumor subtypes are the encasement of vessels, the lobulated shape, and the presence of hyperintense cysts in adamantinous tumors, and the round shape, the presence of hypointense cysts, and the predominantly solid appearance in squamous-papillary tumors. CONCLUSION: Craniopharyngiomas can be divided into two clinically, histologically different subtypes, which suggests a different pathogenesis of these two types of tumor.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Neuropathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 January 1997
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:26
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:20
Publisher:American Society of Neuroradiology HighWire Press
ISSN:0195-6108
Related URLs:http://www.ajnr.org/cgi/reprint/18/1/77
PubMed ID:9010523
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-1853

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