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Brain natriuretic peptide and magnetic resonance imaging in tetralogy with right ventricular dilatation


Dodge-Khatami, A; Valsangiacomo Büchel, Emanuela R; Knirsch, W; Kadner, A; Rousson, V; Dave, H; Bauersfeld, U; Prêtre, René (2006). Brain natriuretic peptide and magnetic resonance imaging in tetralogy with right ventricular dilatation. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 82(3):983-988.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cardiac volumetry by magnetic resonance imaging can guide the timing for reoperation in minimally symptomatic or asymptomatic patients with pulmonary insufficiency after corrected tetralogy of Fallot. Pro-brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a marker of ventricular dysfunction and wall stress, and levels may complement magnetic resonance imaging in cardiac assessment before and after pulmonary valve replacement. METHODS: Between May 2004 and October 2005, 23 consecutive patients with corrected tetralogy, severe pulmonary insufficiency, and right ventricular end-diastolic volume index greater than 150 mL/m2 underwent elective pulmonary valve replacement. Plasma proBNP levels and magnetic resonance imaging were obtained before and 6 months after pulmonary valve replacement. RESULTS: There was no surgical mortality or morbidity. Preoperative right ventricular end-diastolic volume index correlated with pulmonary insufficiency, and inversely so with left ventricular ejection fraction, reflecting interventricular interaction. Preoperatively (r = -0.47) and 6 months postoperatively (r = -0.54), log BNP was inversely correlated with right ventricular ejection fraction. Mean preoperative proBNP levels, right ventricular end-diastolic volume index, and pulmonary insufficiency significantly (p < 0.0001) diminished 6 months after pulmonary valve replacement (231 versus 114 ng/L, 184 versus 109 mL/m2, and 44% versus 2%, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Plasma proBNP is elevated in patients with corrected tetralogy, severe pulmonary insufficiency, and right ventricular dilatation, and it significantly diminishes 6 months after pulmonary valve replacement, mirroring magnetic resonance imaging-documented better right ventricular ejection fraction and smaller right ventricular end-diastolic volume index. Pro-brain natriuretic peptide complements magnetic resonance imaging for cardiac assessment in patients requiring pulmonary valve insertion. Future validation of cutoff levels are required to establish proBNP as a useful diagnostic and follow-up tool in patients with chronic pulmonary insufficiency and failing right ventricles.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cardiac volumetry by magnetic resonance imaging can guide the timing for reoperation in minimally symptomatic or asymptomatic patients with pulmonary insufficiency after corrected tetralogy of Fallot. Pro-brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a marker of ventricular dysfunction and wall stress, and levels may complement magnetic resonance imaging in cardiac assessment before and after pulmonary valve replacement. METHODS: Between May 2004 and October 2005, 23 consecutive patients with corrected tetralogy, severe pulmonary insufficiency, and right ventricular end-diastolic volume index greater than 150 mL/m2 underwent elective pulmonary valve replacement. Plasma proBNP levels and magnetic resonance imaging were obtained before and 6 months after pulmonary valve replacement. RESULTS: There was no surgical mortality or morbidity. Preoperative right ventricular end-diastolic volume index correlated with pulmonary insufficiency, and inversely so with left ventricular ejection fraction, reflecting interventricular interaction. Preoperatively (r = -0.47) and 6 months postoperatively (r = -0.54), log BNP was inversely correlated with right ventricular ejection fraction. Mean preoperative proBNP levels, right ventricular end-diastolic volume index, and pulmonary insufficiency significantly (p < 0.0001) diminished 6 months after pulmonary valve replacement (231 versus 114 ng/L, 184 versus 109 mL/m2, and 44% versus 2%, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Plasma proBNP is elevated in patients with corrected tetralogy, severe pulmonary insufficiency, and right ventricular dilatation, and it significantly diminishes 6 months after pulmonary valve replacement, mirroring magnetic resonance imaging-documented better right ventricular ejection fraction and smaller right ventricular end-diastolic volume index. Pro-brain natriuretic peptide complements magnetic resonance imaging for cardiac assessment in patients requiring pulmonary valve insertion. Future validation of cutoff levels are required to establish proBNP as a useful diagnostic and follow-up tool in patients with chronic pulmonary insufficiency and failing right ventricles.

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27 citations in Web of Science®
30 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2006
Deposited On:15 May 2009 13:08
Last Modified:05 Oct 2016 07:08
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0003-4975
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2006.03.038
PubMed ID:16928520

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