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The clinical course of chronic periodontitis: V. Predictive factors in periodontal disease


Schätzle, M; Faddy, M J; Cullinan, M P; Seymour, G J; Lang, N P; Bürgin, W; Änerud, Ä; Boysen, H; Löe, H (2009). The clinical course of chronic periodontitis: V. Predictive factors in periodontal disease. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 36(5):365-371.

Abstract

Background: The factors associated with initial periodontitis are not well understood and cannot be identified by cross-sectional studies.
Aim: To identify the factors associated with the initiation of chronic periodontitis using ante-dependence modelling.
Material & Methods: A 26-year longitudinal study of the natural history of periodontitis served as the basis for the study. In 1969, 565 Norwegian men aged 16 to 34 years were surveyed. Subsequent surveys were performed in 1971, 1973, 1975, 1981, 1988 and finally, in 1995 with 223 subjects remaining. Plaque (PlI), Gingival (GI) and Calculus Indices (CI), and loss of attachment were recorded. Ante-dependence modelling using a Markov chain enabled the results of this sequence of examinations to be analyzed longitudinally taking into account serial dependence, describing temporal changes in patients’ levels of disease and allowing for both progression and regression between disease categories.
Results: As age increased, the rate of disease regression decreased. Increasing calculus accumulation and smoking increased the rate of disease progression, while increasing GI increased the rate of regression.
Conclusions: Increased mean CI and smoking were significant predictive covariates for progression, while increased mean GI and younger age predicted regression, of initial periodontitis.

Abstract

Background: The factors associated with initial periodontitis are not well understood and cannot be identified by cross-sectional studies.
Aim: To identify the factors associated with the initiation of chronic periodontitis using ante-dependence modelling.
Material & Methods: A 26-year longitudinal study of the natural history of periodontitis served as the basis for the study. In 1969, 565 Norwegian men aged 16 to 34 years were surveyed. Subsequent surveys were performed in 1971, 1973, 1975, 1981, 1988 and finally, in 1995 with 223 subjects remaining. Plaque (PlI), Gingival (GI) and Calculus Indices (CI), and loss of attachment were recorded. Ante-dependence modelling using a Markov chain enabled the results of this sequence of examinations to be analyzed longitudinally taking into account serial dependence, describing temporal changes in patients’ levels of disease and allowing for both progression and regression between disease categories.
Results: As age increased, the rate of disease regression decreased. Increasing calculus accumulation and smoking increased the rate of disease progression, while increasing GI increased the rate of regression.
Conclusions: Increased mean CI and smoking were significant predictive covariates for progression, while increased mean GI and younger age predicted regression, of initial periodontitis.

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24 citations in Web of Science®
29 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:May 2009
Deposited On:06 May 2009 08:01
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:13
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0303-6979
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-051X.2009.01391.x
PubMed ID:19419434

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