UZH-Logo

Brain cell type specificity and gliosis-induced activation of the human cytomegalovirus immediate-early promoter in transgenic mice.


Fritschy, J M; Brandner, S; Aguzzi, A; Koedood, M; Luscher, B; Mitchell, P J (1996). Brain cell type specificity and gliosis-induced activation of the human cytomegalovirus immediate-early promoter in transgenic mice. Journal of Neuroscience, 16(7):2275-2282.

Abstract

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) can cause debilitating, sometimes fatal, opportunistic infections in congenitally infected infants and in immunodeficient individuals such as patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Molecular mechanisms that determine cell type specificity of HCMV infection and latency are poorly understood. We recently described a transgenic mouse model for analysis of HCMV major immediate-early (IE) promoter regulation and showed that sites of IE promoter activity during murine embryogenesis correlate with known target tissues of congenital HCMV infection in human fetuses (Koedood et al., 1995). Among various permissive human tissues, the brain is a site where HCMV infections can be devastating. Here, we have used immunohistochemical double-labeling analysis to identify specific cell types with HCMV-IE promoter activity in brains of transgenic mice at several postnatal stages. IE promoter activity was restricted to some endothelial cells, ependymal cells, choroid plexus epithelia, and neurons at discrete locations in the forebrain, brainstem, and cerebellum. Endothelial cells and neurons with activity were proportionately more abundant in neonatal than in adult brains. Although the IE promoter was normally silent in most astrocytes, activity was strongly induced in reactive astrocytes in response to a neocortical stab lesion. The findings support a model, consistent with clinical literature on HCMV encephalitis, whereby tissue damage and gliosis caused by HCMV infection of endothelial and ependymal cells progressively renders adjacent permissive neurons and reactive astrocytes accessible to infection. This transgenic model system should facilitate identification of factors that regulate the HCMV IE promoter with regard to infection permissivity and reactivation from latency.

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) can cause debilitating, sometimes fatal, opportunistic infections in congenitally infected infants and in immunodeficient individuals such as patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Molecular mechanisms that determine cell type specificity of HCMV infection and latency are poorly understood. We recently described a transgenic mouse model for analysis of HCMV major immediate-early (IE) promoter regulation and showed that sites of IE promoter activity during murine embryogenesis correlate with known target tissues of congenital HCMV infection in human fetuses (Koedood et al., 1995). Among various permissive human tissues, the brain is a site where HCMV infections can be devastating. Here, we have used immunohistochemical double-labeling analysis to identify specific cell types with HCMV-IE promoter activity in brains of transgenic mice at several postnatal stages. IE promoter activity was restricted to some endothelial cells, ependymal cells, choroid plexus epithelia, and neurons at discrete locations in the forebrain, brainstem, and cerebellum. Endothelial cells and neurons with activity were proportionately more abundant in neonatal than in adult brains. Although the IE promoter was normally silent in most astrocytes, activity was strongly induced in reactive astrocytes in response to a neocortical stab lesion. The findings support a model, consistent with clinical literature on HCMV encephalitis, whereby tissue damage and gliosis caused by HCMV infection of endothelial and ependymal cells progressively renders adjacent permissive neurons and reactive astrocytes accessible to infection. This transgenic model system should facilitate identification of factors that regulate the HCMV IE promoter with regard to infection permissivity and reactivation from latency.

Citations

45 citations in Web of Science®
45 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Downloads

169 downloads since deposited on 11 Feb 2008
36 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Neuropathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 April 1996
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:26
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:20
Publisher:Society for Neuroscience
ISSN:0270-6474
Related URLs:http://www.jneurosci.org/cgi/reprint/16/7/2275
PubMed ID:8601807
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-1860

Download

[img]
Preview
Filetype: PDF
Size: 4MB

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations