Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-18624
Senolt, L; Vencovský, J; Pavelka, K; Ospelt, C; Gay, S (2009). Prospective new biological therapies for rheumatoid arthritis. Autoimmunity Reviews, 9(2):102-107.
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Advances in the current knowledge of pathogenetic mechanisms of rheumatoid arthritis have contributed to the development of biological therapy, and translated research findings into clinical practice. TNF-alpha (infliximab, etanercept, adalimumab), IL-1 (anakinra) and IL-6 (tocilizumab) inhibitors, a B-cell depleting agent (rituximab) and a drug blocking T-cell costimulation (abatacept) have been approved for rheumatoid arthritis. The progress in manufacturing biotechnology has contributed to the development of several other prospective agents that may form the basis for the therapy of rheumatoid arthritis in the near future. New or modified TNF-alpha inhibitors (golimumab, certolizumab pegol), new monoclonal antibodies against other cytokines (e.g. IL-1, IL-6, IL-12, IL-15, IL-17, IL-23), and other agents targeting B-cell depletion (e.g. ocrelizumab, ofatumumab) are in various stages of development. Many pharmaceutical companies have focused on developing small molecule inhibitors with possible peroral administration, which are considered promising drugs for rheumatoid arthritis. In most cases, these small molecules inhibit cellular kinases (e.g. p38, JAK or Syk) that mediate the signaling and transcription of proinflammatory genes. In this review, we describe the cytokine inhibitors and modulators of the immune response currently in ongoing clinical trials, the results of which may further expand the spectrum of efficient therapies for chronic autoimmune diseases.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, further contribution|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Rheumatology Clinic and Institute of Physical Medicine|
|DDC:||610 Medicine & health|
|Date:||26 March 2009|
|Deposited On:||22 May 2009 05:53|
|Last Modified:||27 Nov 2013 16:48|
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