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Screening of dogs for Echinococcus granulosus coproantigen in a low endemic situation in Cyprus


Christofi, G; Deplazes, P; Christofi, N; Tanner, I; Economides, P; Eckert, J (2002). Screening of dogs for Echinococcus granulosus coproantigen in a low endemic situation in Cyprus. Veterinary Parasitology, 104(4):299-306.

Abstract

In the framework of an echinococcosis surveillance and control programme in Cyprus, a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) (CHEKIT ECHINOTEST) designed for the detection of Echinococcus granulosus and E. multilocularis coproantigens was used in 1997-2000 for the investigation of large numbers of dogs. Most of the animals originated from areas where approximately 0.2% of the dogs had been found to be infected with E. granulosus in previous (1993-1996) arecoline surveys. The sensitivity of the coproantigen test was 83%, as determined in 35 dogs naturally infected with this cestode species. The specificity was 98% in 97 randomly selected dogs from Cyprus, but it was reduced to 80% in a group of 50 dogs, infected with Taenia spp. A total of 6551 dogs (mainly of rural origin) was examined, including three large groups (N: 2928, 1761 and 1800) from the Government Control Area (GCA) in southern Cyprus and a small group (N: 62) from the Non-Government Control Area (NonGCA) in the northern part of the island. Among the dogs from the GCA, 184 (2.8%) tested positive for coproantigen; coproantigen prevalences were 2.6, 4.9 and 1.1% in these three groups, and of 62 dogs from the NonGCA 8.1% were positive. The calculated true prevalences of E. granulosus in the dog population of the GCA ranged between 0.0 and 3.58%. The predictive values of the test, based on a 0.2% prevalence, was >99.9% for negative results, but very low (7%) for coproantigen-positive results. However, the relatively small number of coproantigen-positive dogs can be treated with praziquantel or the results can further be confirmed by arecoline purging.

Abstract

In the framework of an echinococcosis surveillance and control programme in Cyprus, a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) (CHEKIT ECHINOTEST) designed for the detection of Echinococcus granulosus and E. multilocularis coproantigens was used in 1997-2000 for the investigation of large numbers of dogs. Most of the animals originated from areas where approximately 0.2% of the dogs had been found to be infected with E. granulosus in previous (1993-1996) arecoline surveys. The sensitivity of the coproantigen test was 83%, as determined in 35 dogs naturally infected with this cestode species. The specificity was 98% in 97 randomly selected dogs from Cyprus, but it was reduced to 80% in a group of 50 dogs, infected with Taenia spp. A total of 6551 dogs (mainly of rural origin) was examined, including three large groups (N: 2928, 1761 and 1800) from the Government Control Area (GCA) in southern Cyprus and a small group (N: 62) from the Non-Government Control Area (NonGCA) in the northern part of the island. Among the dogs from the GCA, 184 (2.8%) tested positive for coproantigen; coproantigen prevalences were 2.6, 4.9 and 1.1% in these three groups, and of 62 dogs from the NonGCA 8.1% were positive. The calculated true prevalences of E. granulosus in the dog population of the GCA ranged between 0.0 and 3.58%. The predictive values of the test, based on a 0.2% prevalence, was >99.9% for negative results, but very low (7%) for coproantigen-positive results. However, the relatively small number of coproantigen-positive dogs can be treated with praziquantel or the results can further be confirmed by arecoline purging.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Parasitology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Parasitology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
600 Technology
Language:English
Date:2002
Deposited On:03 Jun 2009 07:00
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:14
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0304-4017
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304-4017(01)00637-9
PubMed ID:11836030

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