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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-18860

Schärz, Myriam; Ohlerth, Stefanie; Achermann, Roger; Gardelle, Olivier; Roos, Malgorzata; Saunders, H Mark; Wergin, Melanie; Kaser-Hotz, Barbara (2005). Evaluation of quantified contrast-enhanced color and power Doppler ultrasonography for the assessment of vascularity and perfusion of naturally occurring tumors in dogs. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 66(1):21-29.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate subjective and computerized methods of evaluation of color Doppler (CD) and power Doppler (PD) ultrasonographic images (obtained before and after administration of contrast medium) for quantitative assessment of vascularity and perfusion of various naturally occurring tumors in dogs. SAMPLE POPULATION: 34 tumors in 34 dogs. PROCEDURE: Tumors in dogs were examined via CD and PD ultrasonography before and after i.v. injection of a microbubble contrast agent (pre- and postcontrast examinations, respectively). Images were digitized for subjective assessment of vessel density and vascular pattern and computer-aided assessment of parameters of vascularity (fractional area [FA]) and perfusion (color-weighted FA [CWFA] and mean color-weighted FA [CWFA] and mean color level). RESULTS: With both analysis methods, more vessels were identified in precontrast PD ultrasonographic images than in precontrast CD ultrasonographic images. Moreover, compared with values for precontrast PD ultrasonography, FA, CWFA, and mean color level were higher for postcontrast PD ultrasonography. In postcontrast images, there was a significant association between vessel densities determined through subjective and computerized assessments. Although sample size was small, vascularity of squamous cell carcinomas was significantly greater than that of other tumor types. Ten of the 19 softer than issue that sarcomas had low vessel density with minor contrast enhancement. With increasing gross tumor volume, FA and CWFA decreased for all Doppler ultrasonographic methods. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Higher values of the ultrasonographic parameters representing vascularity and perfusion of tumors in dogs were determined via PD ultrasonography after administration of contrast medium than via PD or CD ultrasonography without administration of contrast medium.

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
DDC:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:January 2005
Deposited On:10 Jun 2009 07:10
Last Modified:27 Nov 2013 21:18
Publisher:American Veterinary Medical Association
ISSN:0002-9645
Publisher DOI:10.2460/ajvr.2005.66.21
PubMed ID:15691031
Citations:Web of Science®. Times Cited: 10
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Scopus®. Citation Count: 11

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