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Prinz, M; Heikenwalder, M; Junt, T; Schwarz, Petra; Glatzel, M; Heppner, F L; Fu, Y X; Lipp, M; Aguzzi, A (2003). Positioning of follicular dendritic cells within the spleen controls prion neuroinvasion. Nature, 425(6961):957-962.

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Abstract

Peripheral infection is the natural route of transmission in most prion diseases. Peripheral prion infection is followed by rapid prion replication in lymphoid organs, neuroinvasion and progressive neurological disease. Both immune cells and nerves are involved in pathogenesis, but the mechanisms of prion transfer from the immune to the nervous system are unknown. Here we show that ablation of the chemokine receptor CXCR5 juxtaposes follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) to major splenic nerves, and accelerates the transfer of intraperitoneally administered prions into the spinal cord. Neuroinvasion velocity correlated exclusively with the relative locations of FDCs and nerves: transfer of CXCR5-/- bone marrow to wild-type mice induced perineural FDCs and enhanced neuroinvasion, whereas reciprocal transfer to CXCR5-/- mice abolished them and restored normal efficiency of neuroinvasion. Suppression of lymphotoxin signalling depleted FDCs, abolished splenic infectivity, and suppressed acceleration of pathogenesis in CXCR5-/- mice. This suggests that prion neuroimmune transition occurs between FDCs and sympathetic nerves, and relative positioning of FDCs and nerves controls the efficiency of peripheral prion infection.

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Neuropathology
DDC:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:30 October 2003
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:26
Last Modified:27 Nov 2013 20:16
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0028-0836
Publisher DOI:10.1038/nature02072
PubMed ID:14562059
Citations:Web of Science®. Times Cited: 124
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