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Oral prion infection requires normal numbers of Peyer's patches but not of enteric lymphocytes.


Prinz, M; Huber, G; Macpherson, A J S; Heppner, F L; Glatzel, M; Eugster, H P; Wagner, N; Aguzzi, A (2003). Oral prion infection requires normal numbers of Peyer's patches but not of enteric lymphocytes. American Journal of Pathology, 162(4):1103-1111.

Abstract

Prion pathogenesis following oral exposure is thought to involve gut-associated lymphatic tissue, which includes Peyer's patches (PPs) and M cells. Recruitment of activated B lymphocytes to PPs requires alpha(4)beta(7) integrin; PPs of beta 7(-/-) mice are normal in number but are atrophic and almost entirely devoid of B cells. Here we report that minimal infectious dose and disease incubation after oral exposure to logarithmic dilutions of prion inoculum were similar in beta 7(-/-) and wild-type mice, and PPs of both beta 7(-/-) and wild-type mice contained 3-4 log LD(50)/g prion infectivity > or =125 days after challenge. Despite marked reduction of B cells, M cells were present in beta 7(-/-) mice. In contrast, mice deficient in both tumor necrosis factor and lymphotoxin-alpha (TNF alpha(-/-) x LT alpha(-/-)) or in lymphocytes (RAG-1(-/-), mu MT), in which numbers of PPs are reduced in number, were highly resistant to oral challenge, and their intestines were virtually devoid of prion infectivity at all times after challenge. Therefore, lymphoreticular requirements for enteric and for intraperitoneal uptake of prions differ from each other. Although susceptibility to prion infection following oral challenge correlates with the number of PPs, it is remarkably independent of the number of PP-associated lymphocytes.

Prion pathogenesis following oral exposure is thought to involve gut-associated lymphatic tissue, which includes Peyer's patches (PPs) and M cells. Recruitment of activated B lymphocytes to PPs requires alpha(4)beta(7) integrin; PPs of beta 7(-/-) mice are normal in number but are atrophic and almost entirely devoid of B cells. Here we report that minimal infectious dose and disease incubation after oral exposure to logarithmic dilutions of prion inoculum were similar in beta 7(-/-) and wild-type mice, and PPs of both beta 7(-/-) and wild-type mice contained 3-4 log LD(50)/g prion infectivity > or =125 days after challenge. Despite marked reduction of B cells, M cells were present in beta 7(-/-) mice. In contrast, mice deficient in both tumor necrosis factor and lymphotoxin-alpha (TNF alpha(-/-) x LT alpha(-/-)) or in lymphocytes (RAG-1(-/-), mu MT), in which numbers of PPs are reduced in number, were highly resistant to oral challenge, and their intestines were virtually devoid of prion infectivity at all times after challenge. Therefore, lymphoreticular requirements for enteric and for intraperitoneal uptake of prions differ from each other. Although susceptibility to prion infection following oral challenge correlates with the number of PPs, it is remarkably independent of the number of PP-associated lymphocytes.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Neuropathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 April 2003
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:26
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:20
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0002-9440
Publisher DOI:10.1016/S0002-9440(10)63907-7
Related URLs:http://ajp.amjpathol.org/cgi/content/full/162/4/1103
PubMed ID:12651603

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