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Immunogenicity of booster vaccination with a virosomal hepatitis A vaccine after primary immunization with an aluminum-adsorbed hepatitis A vaccine


Beck, B R; Hatz, C F R; Loutan, L; Steffen, R (2004). Immunogenicity of booster vaccination with a virosomal hepatitis A vaccine after primary immunization with an aluminum-adsorbed hepatitis A vaccine. Journal of Travel Medicine, 11(4):201-206.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of individuals are traveling to areas of high hepatitis A endemicity and require immunization against the hepatitis A virus (HAV). The option of using a virosomal, aluminum-free, HAV vaccine (Epaxal) for booster immunization following primary vaccination with an aluminum-adsorbed vaccine has been assessed. METHODS: In total, 142 healthy subjects, 79 men and 63 women, aged 12 to 72 years, were injected intramuscularly with a booster dose of Epaxal (0.5 mL containing < or =500 RIA units of HAV antigen) 6 to 24 months after primary vaccination with Havrix (0.5 or 1.0 mL containing 720 or 1440 ELISA units of HAV antigen, respectively, adsorbed onto aluminum hydroxide). Anti-HAV antibody titers were measured on days 0 and 28 by an enzyme immunoassay. Adverse events were recorded for 1 month postinjection. RESULTS: Overall, 98/118 subjects (83%) with no serologic evidence of past HAV infection were still seroprotected at enrolment (anti-HAV antibody titer < or = 20 mIU/mL). The seroprotection rate was 87% in those primed with Havrix 1440 6 to 12 months earlier (n=93) and 60% in those primed < or =12 months before enrolment (n=20, mean 16 months). The geometric mean anti-HAV antibody titer increased from 65 mIU/mL at day 0 to 1,722 mIU/mL at day 28 after a single booster dose with Epaxal in evaluable subjects who were primarily vaccinated with either a single dose of Havrix 1440 (n=111) or two separate doses of Havrix 720 (n=4). All subjects were seroprotected at day 28, and 98% showed at least a four-fold increase in anti-HAV antibody titer. Epaxal was well tolerated and no serious adverse events were reported. At day 28, the tolerability of the vaccination was judged as either "very good" or "good" by 96% of vaccinees and by all investigators. CONCLUSION: Epaxal can be successfully used to boost immunization following primary vaccination with an aluminum-adsorbed vaccine, and is well tolerated.

BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of individuals are traveling to areas of high hepatitis A endemicity and require immunization against the hepatitis A virus (HAV). The option of using a virosomal, aluminum-free, HAV vaccine (Epaxal) for booster immunization following primary vaccination with an aluminum-adsorbed vaccine has been assessed. METHODS: In total, 142 healthy subjects, 79 men and 63 women, aged 12 to 72 years, were injected intramuscularly with a booster dose of Epaxal (0.5 mL containing < or =500 RIA units of HAV antigen) 6 to 24 months after primary vaccination with Havrix (0.5 or 1.0 mL containing 720 or 1440 ELISA units of HAV antigen, respectively, adsorbed onto aluminum hydroxide). Anti-HAV antibody titers were measured on days 0 and 28 by an enzyme immunoassay. Adverse events were recorded for 1 month postinjection. RESULTS: Overall, 98/118 subjects (83%) with no serologic evidence of past HAV infection were still seroprotected at enrolment (anti-HAV antibody titer < or = 20 mIU/mL). The seroprotection rate was 87% in those primed with Havrix 1440 6 to 12 months earlier (n=93) and 60% in those primed < or =12 months before enrolment (n=20, mean 16 months). The geometric mean anti-HAV antibody titer increased from 65 mIU/mL at day 0 to 1,722 mIU/mL at day 28 after a single booster dose with Epaxal in evaluable subjects who were primarily vaccinated with either a single dose of Havrix 1440 (n=111) or two separate doses of Havrix 720 (n=4). All subjects were seroprotected at day 28, and 98% showed at least a four-fold increase in anti-HAV antibody titer. Epaxal was well tolerated and no serious adverse events were reported. At day 28, the tolerability of the vaccination was judged as either "very good" or "good" by 96% of vaccinees and by all investigators. CONCLUSION: Epaxal can be successfully used to boost immunization following primary vaccination with an aluminum-adsorbed vaccine, and is well tolerated.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2004
Deposited On:16 Jun 2009 14:54
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:16
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:1195-1982
Additional Information:The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com
Official URL:http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/119922897/abstract
PubMed ID:15541221
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-19266

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