Klein, M A; Rüedi, D; Nozaki, M; Dell, E W; Diserens, A C; Seelentag, W; Janzer, R C; Aguzzi, A; Hegi, M E (2000). Reduced latency but no increased brain tumor penetrance in mice with astrocyte specific expression of a human p53 mutant. Oncogene, 19(47):5329-5337.
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p53-germline mutations located in the core DNA-binding domain have been associated with a more dominant tumor penetrance especially for breast cancer and brain tumors. We previously reported an unusual accumulation of CNS tumors associated with a unique p53 germline mutation, Y236delta (deletion of codon 236). To test whether this tissue-specific tumor predisposition reflects a gain-of-function activity of Y236delta, we generated transgenic mice expressing Y236delta in astrocytes using the regulatory elements of the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) gene. After transplacental exposure to N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (25 mg/kg BW) brain tumors developed in 18% (7/39) of GFAP-Y236delta transgenic p53-/- mice, while in p53+/- mice the incidence was 28% (11/40) (P>0.3). However, the mean tumor latency for GFAP-Y236delta/p53+/- mice was significantly shorter than for p53+/- mice, with 19.9 weeks vs 31.6 weeks (P=0.039), respectively. Taken together, cell specific expression of Y236delta results in an acceleration of tumor progression but does not confer a higher tumor penetrance. Conceivably, the transdominant effect of Y236delta provided a growth advantage early in the progression of neoplastic cells, since the endogenous p53 wild-type allele was lost in all brain tumors independent of the genotype. This reflects well observations from human astrocytic neoplasms with p53 mutations.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Neuropathology|
|Dewey Decimal Classification:||570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
|Date:||9 November 2000|
|Deposited On:||11 Feb 2008 12:26|
|Last Modified:||05 Apr 2016 12:21|
|Publisher:||Nature Publishing Group|
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