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Formation and Reactivity of [(tacn)-N-CO-ReIIIBr(CO)2]+ in Water: a Theoretical and Experimental Study


Zobi, F; Blacque, O; Steyl, G; Spingler, B (2009). Formation and Reactivity of [(tacn)-N-CO-ReIIIBr(CO)2]+ in Water: a Theoretical and Experimental Study. Inorganic Chemistry, 48(11):4963-4970.

Abstract

The chemistry of [(tacn)-N-CO-ReIII(CO)2Br]X (X = Cl or Br), obtained in good yield from the reaction of fac-[(tacn)ReI(CO)3]Br (1, tacn = 1,4,7-triazacyclononane) with X2 in water, is described. The [(tacn)-N-CO-ReIII(CO)2Br]X complex (2 with X = Br−; 2a with X = BrCl2−), which we have previously communicated, is characterized by an unusual three-membered ring acyl amide bond. Complex 2 is stable as a solid but is reactive in aqueous solution. Under basic conditions (1 M NaOH), reductive decarbonylation was observed, and the bis-carbonyl complex [(tacn)ReI(CO)2Br] (3) was obtained in quantitative yield. The Br− ligand in 3 could be replaced by CN−, giving the neutral complex [(tacn)ReI(CO)2(CN)] (4). In acidic media (1 M HBr), complex 2 partially converted to the monocarbonyl μ-oxo bridged dinuclear complex {[(tacn)ReIII(CO)Br]2O}2+ (5 as [PF6]− salt). Under mild oxidative conditions the trioxo [(tacn)ReVIIO3](ReO4−) (6) was formed almost quantitatively, and small amounts of the uncommon ReVI complex [(tacn)ReVIO2Br](ReO4−) (7) were identified. Mechanistic investigations at the density functional level of theory (DFT) showed that the elementary steps in the formation of 2 from 1 and 3 from 2 involved reactions of the complexes with hydroxide. The calculated pathway is strongly exothermic (ca. −137 kcal/mol), confirming the energetically and kinetically highly favored formation of 3. The X-ray structures of 2a and 3−5 are reported and discussed.

The chemistry of [(tacn)-N-CO-ReIII(CO)2Br]X (X = Cl or Br), obtained in good yield from the reaction of fac-[(tacn)ReI(CO)3]Br (1, tacn = 1,4,7-triazacyclononane) with X2 in water, is described. The [(tacn)-N-CO-ReIII(CO)2Br]X complex (2 with X = Br−; 2a with X = BrCl2−), which we have previously communicated, is characterized by an unusual three-membered ring acyl amide bond. Complex 2 is stable as a solid but is reactive in aqueous solution. Under basic conditions (1 M NaOH), reductive decarbonylation was observed, and the bis-carbonyl complex [(tacn)ReI(CO)2Br] (3) was obtained in quantitative yield. The Br− ligand in 3 could be replaced by CN−, giving the neutral complex [(tacn)ReI(CO)2(CN)] (4). In acidic media (1 M HBr), complex 2 partially converted to the monocarbonyl μ-oxo bridged dinuclear complex {[(tacn)ReIII(CO)Br]2O}2+ (5 as [PF6]− salt). Under mild oxidative conditions the trioxo [(tacn)ReVIIO3](ReO4−) (6) was formed almost quantitatively, and small amounts of the uncommon ReVI complex [(tacn)ReVIO2Br](ReO4−) (7) were identified. Mechanistic investigations at the density functional level of theory (DFT) showed that the elementary steps in the formation of 2 from 1 and 3 from 2 involved reactions of the complexes with hydroxide. The calculated pathway is strongly exothermic (ca. −137 kcal/mol), confirming the energetically and kinetically highly favored formation of 3. The X-ray structures of 2a and 3−5 are reported and discussed.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Date:20 April 2009
Deposited On:26 Jun 2009 15:14
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:16
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:0020-1669
Publisher DOI:10.1021/ic9002803
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-19394

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