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Randomized-controlled clinical trial of customized zirconia and titanium implant abutments for single-tooth implants in canine and posterior regions: 3-year results


Zembic, A; Sailer, I; Jung, R E; Hämmerle, C H F (2009). Randomized-controlled clinical trial of customized zirconia and titanium implant abutments for single-tooth implants in canine and posterior regions: 3-year results. Clinical Oral Implants Research, 20(8):802-808.

Abstract

Objectives: The aim was to test whether or not zirconia abutments exhibit the same survival and technical / biological outcome as titanium abutments. Material and methods: Twenty-two patients receiving 40 single-tooth implants in canine and posterior regions were included. The implant sites were randomly assigned to 20 zirconia and 20 titanium abutments. All-ceramic and metal-ceramic crowns were fabricated. At baseline, 6, 12 and 36 months, the reconstructions were examined for technical and biological problems. Probing pocket depth (PPD), plaque control record (PCR) and bleeding on probing (BOP) were assessed at abutments (test) and analogous contralateral teeth (control). Standardized radiographs of the implants were made and the bone level (BL) was measured referring to the implant shoulder on mesial (mBL) and distal sides (dBL). The difference of color (DeltaE) of the peri-implant mucosa and the gingiva of control teeth was assessed with a spectrophotometer. The data were statistically analyzed with Mann-Whitney Rank and Student's unpaired t-tests. Results: Eighteen patients with 18 zirconia and 10 titanium abutments were examined at a mean follow-up of 36 months (range 31.5-53.3 months). No fracture of an abutment or loss of a reconstruction was found. Hence, both exhibited 100% survival. At two metal-ceramic crowns supported by titanium abutments chipping of the veneering ceramic occurred. No difference of the biological outcome of zirconia and titanium abutments was observed: PPD ( 3.2 +/- 1 mm, mPPD(Ti) 3.4 +/- 0.5 mm), PCR ( 0.1 +/- 0.2, mPCR(Ti) 0.1 +/- 0.2) and BOP ( 0.4 +/- 0.4, mBOP(Ti) 0.2 +/- 0.3). Furthermore, the BL was similar at implants supporting zirconia and titanium abutments ( 1.7 +/- 1, 1.6 +/- 1; mBL(Ti) 2 +/- 1, dBL(Ti) 2.1 +/- 1). Both, zirconia and titanium abutments induced a similar amount of discoloration of the mucosa compared with the gingiva at natural teeth ( 9.3 +/- 3.8, DeltaE(Ti) 6.8 +/- 3.8). Conclusions: At 3 years, zirconia and titanium abutments exhibited same survival and technical, biological and esthetical outcomes. To cite this article: Zembic A, Sailer I, Jung RE, Hämmerle CHF. Randomized-controlled clinical trial of customized zirconia and titanium implant abutments for single-tooth implants in canine and posterior regions: 3-year results. Clin. Oral Impl. Res. xx, 2009; 000-000.

Objectives: The aim was to test whether or not zirconia abutments exhibit the same survival and technical / biological outcome as titanium abutments. Material and methods: Twenty-two patients receiving 40 single-tooth implants in canine and posterior regions were included. The implant sites were randomly assigned to 20 zirconia and 20 titanium abutments. All-ceramic and metal-ceramic crowns were fabricated. At baseline, 6, 12 and 36 months, the reconstructions were examined for technical and biological problems. Probing pocket depth (PPD), plaque control record (PCR) and bleeding on probing (BOP) were assessed at abutments (test) and analogous contralateral teeth (control). Standardized radiographs of the implants were made and the bone level (BL) was measured referring to the implant shoulder on mesial (mBL) and distal sides (dBL). The difference of color (DeltaE) of the peri-implant mucosa and the gingiva of control teeth was assessed with a spectrophotometer. The data were statistically analyzed with Mann-Whitney Rank and Student's unpaired t-tests. Results: Eighteen patients with 18 zirconia and 10 titanium abutments were examined at a mean follow-up of 36 months (range 31.5-53.3 months). No fracture of an abutment or loss of a reconstruction was found. Hence, both exhibited 100% survival. At two metal-ceramic crowns supported by titanium abutments chipping of the veneering ceramic occurred. No difference of the biological outcome of zirconia and titanium abutments was observed: PPD ( 3.2 +/- 1 mm, mPPD(Ti) 3.4 +/- 0.5 mm), PCR ( 0.1 +/- 0.2, mPCR(Ti) 0.1 +/- 0.2) and BOP ( 0.4 +/- 0.4, mBOP(Ti) 0.2 +/- 0.3). Furthermore, the BL was similar at implants supporting zirconia and titanium abutments ( 1.7 +/- 1, 1.6 +/- 1; mBL(Ti) 2 +/- 1, dBL(Ti) 2.1 +/- 1). Both, zirconia and titanium abutments induced a similar amount of discoloration of the mucosa compared with the gingiva at natural teeth ( 9.3 +/- 3.8, DeltaE(Ti) 6.8 +/- 3.8). Conclusions: At 3 years, zirconia and titanium abutments exhibited same survival and technical, biological and esthetical outcomes. To cite this article: Zembic A, Sailer I, Jung RE, Hämmerle CHF. Randomized-controlled clinical trial of customized zirconia and titanium implant abutments for single-tooth implants in canine and posterior regions: 3-year results. Clin. Oral Impl. Res. xx, 2009; 000-000.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:26 May 2009
Deposited On:15 Jul 2009 15:11
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:16
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0905-7161
Additional Information:The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0501.2009.01717.x
Related URLs:http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/117978803/home (Publisher)
PubMed ID:19486077
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-19416

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