Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-19512
Basinski, T M; Holzmann, D; Eiwegger, T; Zimmermann, M; Klunker, S; Meyers, N; Schmid-Grendelmeier, P; Jutel, M; Akdis, C A (2009). Dual nature of T cell-epithelium interaction in chronic rhinosinusitis. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 124(1):74-80, e. 8.
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BACKGROUND: T-cell infiltration of submucosa, release of proinflammatory cytokines leading to epithelial activation, and contributions to inflammation are observed in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). OBJECTIVES: Molecular mechanisms and kinetics of T-cell interaction with sinus epithelium leading to activation followed by subsequent apoptosis of epithelial cells were the focus of the current study. METHODS: Primary human sinus epithelial cells and T cells generated from sinus tissues of healthy individuals and patients with CRS with or without allergy and sinus tissue biopsies were characterized in terms of activation (surface marker expression, cytokine production via real-time PCR, confocal microscopy, ELISA) and apoptosis (annexin V/7-amino-actinomycin D staining, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling assay, receptor expression by flow cytometry, confocal microscopy) of epithelial cells. RESULTS: Primary human sinus epithelial cells isolated from patients with CRS were at an activated state with upregulated expression of HLA-DR, IFN-gamma-inducible protein 10, monokine induced by IFN-gamma, and TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) compared with healthy individuals. The expressions of these chemokines, HLA-DR, TRAIL, and TNF receptor 2 were significantly induced by IFN-gamma, whereas TRAIL receptor 4 was downregulated. Epithelial cells started to undergo apoptosis 48 hours after IFN-gamma stimulation when the transcription of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines decreased to initial levels. The essential factors for sinus epithelial apoptosis were T(H)1 cells and IFN-gamma. Epithelial apoptosis was enhanced by Fas-Fas-ligand and TRAIL-TRAIL receptor 2 interactions. Remarkable apoptosis of epithelial cells and shedding was observed in CRS in situ. CONCLUSION: Epithelial cell interaction with activated T cells is a biphasic phenomenon in CRS. Initially activated T cells lead to activation and induction of proinflammatory functions of epithelial cells, and thereafter their apoptotic death, resulting in no more contribution to inflammation, takes place.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Otorhinolaryngology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Swiss Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Dermatology Clinic
|DDC:||610 Medicine & health|
|Deposited On:||30 Jun 2009 12:39|
|Last Modified:||27 Nov 2013 20:32|
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