UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Dual nature of T cell-epithelium interaction in chronic rhinosinusitis


Basinski, T M; Holzmann, D; Eiwegger, T; Zimmermann, M; Klunker, S; Meyers, N; Schmid-Grendelmeier, P; Jutel, M; Akdis, C A (2009). Dual nature of T cell-epithelium interaction in chronic rhinosinusitis. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 124(1):74-80, e. 8.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: T-cell infiltration of submucosa, release of proinflammatory cytokines leading to epithelial activation, and contributions to inflammation are observed in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). OBJECTIVES: Molecular mechanisms and kinetics of T-cell interaction with sinus epithelium leading to activation followed by subsequent apoptosis of epithelial cells were the focus of the current study. METHODS: Primary human sinus epithelial cells and T cells generated from sinus tissues of healthy individuals and patients with CRS with or without allergy and sinus tissue biopsies were characterized in terms of activation (surface marker expression, cytokine production via real-time PCR, confocal microscopy, ELISA) and apoptosis (annexin V/7-amino-actinomycin D staining, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling assay, receptor expression by flow cytometry, confocal microscopy) of epithelial cells. RESULTS: Primary human sinus epithelial cells isolated from patients with CRS were at an activated state with upregulated expression of HLA-DR, IFN-gamma-inducible protein 10, monokine induced by IFN-gamma, and TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) compared with healthy individuals. The expressions of these chemokines, HLA-DR, TRAIL, and TNF receptor 2 were significantly induced by IFN-gamma, whereas TRAIL receptor 4 was downregulated. Epithelial cells started to undergo apoptosis 48 hours after IFN-gamma stimulation when the transcription of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines decreased to initial levels. The essential factors for sinus epithelial apoptosis were T(H)1 cells and IFN-gamma. Epithelial apoptosis was enhanced by Fas-Fas-ligand and TRAIL-TRAIL receptor 2 interactions. Remarkable apoptosis of epithelial cells and shedding was observed in CRS in situ. CONCLUSION: Epithelial cell interaction with activated T cells is a biphasic phenomenon in CRS. Initially activated T cells lead to activation and induction of proinflammatory functions of epithelial cells, and thereafter their apoptotic death, resulting in no more contribution to inflammation, takes place.

BACKGROUND: T-cell infiltration of submucosa, release of proinflammatory cytokines leading to epithelial activation, and contributions to inflammation are observed in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). OBJECTIVES: Molecular mechanisms and kinetics of T-cell interaction with sinus epithelium leading to activation followed by subsequent apoptosis of epithelial cells were the focus of the current study. METHODS: Primary human sinus epithelial cells and T cells generated from sinus tissues of healthy individuals and patients with CRS with or without allergy and sinus tissue biopsies were characterized in terms of activation (surface marker expression, cytokine production via real-time PCR, confocal microscopy, ELISA) and apoptosis (annexin V/7-amino-actinomycin D staining, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling assay, receptor expression by flow cytometry, confocal microscopy) of epithelial cells. RESULTS: Primary human sinus epithelial cells isolated from patients with CRS were at an activated state with upregulated expression of HLA-DR, IFN-gamma-inducible protein 10, monokine induced by IFN-gamma, and TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) compared with healthy individuals. The expressions of these chemokines, HLA-DR, TRAIL, and TNF receptor 2 were significantly induced by IFN-gamma, whereas TRAIL receptor 4 was downregulated. Epithelial cells started to undergo apoptosis 48 hours after IFN-gamma stimulation when the transcription of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines decreased to initial levels. The essential factors for sinus epithelial apoptosis were T(H)1 cells and IFN-gamma. Epithelial apoptosis was enhanced by Fas-Fas-ligand and TRAIL-TRAIL receptor 2 interactions. Remarkable apoptosis of epithelial cells and shedding was observed in CRS in situ. CONCLUSION: Epithelial cell interaction with activated T cells is a biphasic phenomenon in CRS. Initially activated T cells lead to activation and induction of proinflammatory functions of epithelial cells, and thereafter their apoptotic death, resulting in no more contribution to inflammation, takes place.

Citations

24 citations in Web of Science®
33 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

1 download since deposited on 30 Jun 2009
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Otorhinolaryngology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Swiss Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Dermatology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:30 Jun 2009 12:39
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:17
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0091-6749
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2009.04.019
PubMed ID:19523671
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-19512

Download

[img]
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 4MB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations