Aguzzi, A (2006). Prion diseases of humans and farm animals: epidemiology, genetics, and pathogenesis. Journal of Neurochemistry, 97(6):1726-1739.
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Neuronal vacuolation (spongiosis), neuronal death, and pronounced glial reactions are the hallmarks of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), or prion diseases. A wealth of physical, biochemical, and immunological evidence indicates that the TSE agent, termed prion, does not contain agent-specific nucleic acid encoding its own constituents, as is the case for all other infectious pathogens. Also, no adaptive immune responses are elicited upon infection. A defining feature of TSEs is the deposition, mainly in the brain and lymphoreticular tissues, of an aggregated and structurally abnormal protein, designated PrP(Sc) or PrP-res, which represents a conformational isomer of the ubiquitous surface protein PrP(C). Biochemical and genetic evidence link PrP and its gene to the disease. Although TSEs are by definition transmissible, a growing number of Prnp-associated non-infectious neurodegenerative proteinopathies are now being recognized.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Neuropathology|
|DDC:||570 Life sciences; biology|
610 Medicine & health
|Date:||01 June 2006|
|Deposited On:||11 Feb 2008 13:26|
|Last Modified:||23 Nov 2012 17:24|
|WoS Citation Count:||44|
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