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Klinische, ultrasonographische, röntgenologische und endoskopische Befunde sowie Therapiemassnahmen bei 16 Rindern mit retropharyngealen Abszessen


Gansohr, B; Lejeune, B; Nuss, Karl; Koller, U; Wehrli Eser, Meret; Braun, Ueli (2009). Klinische, ultrasonographische, röntgenologische und endoskopische Befunde sowie Therapiemassnahmen bei 16 Rindern mit retropharyngealen Abszessen. Tierärztliche Praxis G, 37 (3):151-156.

Abstract

Objective of the present retrospective study was to describe the clinical, ultrasonographic, radiographic and endoscopic findings and outcome of 16 cattle with retropharyngeal abscess. Results: The most common clinical findings were stertorous respiratory sounds (n = 14), swelling of the cranial neck (n = 11), dyspnoea (n = 9) and coughing (n = 7). In all of the animals ultrasonography revealed a circular structure with an echogenic content that had the characteristic appearance of an abscess. Radiography showed a soft tissue shadow dorsally in the pharynx in all patients and gas inclusions in eight cattle. Endoscopy of 15 patients revealed a swelling in the dorsal aspect of the pharynx in 13 animals and a fistulous tract in three cattle. Three animals were slaughtered at the request of the owner because of concurrent disease.
Thirteen animals were treated: nine animals underwent an operation and four received conservative medical treatment. Twelve of these 13 patients were healthy at a follow-up via telephone a minimum of 10 months post-treatment.
Conclusion and clinical relevance: The fact that all successfully treated patients were still healthy a minimum of 10 months later emphasises the importance of a thorough diagnostic work-up for ensuring a good outcome. A good prognosis relies on early and correct diagnosis of the problem.

Objective of the present retrospective study was to describe the clinical, ultrasonographic, radiographic and endoscopic findings and outcome of 16 cattle with retropharyngeal abscess. Results: The most common clinical findings were stertorous respiratory sounds (n = 14), swelling of the cranial neck (n = 11), dyspnoea (n = 9) and coughing (n = 7). In all of the animals ultrasonography revealed a circular structure with an echogenic content that had the characteristic appearance of an abscess. Radiography showed a soft tissue shadow dorsally in the pharynx in all patients and gas inclusions in eight cattle. Endoscopy of 15 patients revealed a swelling in the dorsal aspect of the pharynx in 13 animals and a fistulous tract in three cattle. Three animals were slaughtered at the request of the owner because of concurrent disease.
Thirteen animals were treated: nine animals underwent an operation and four received conservative medical treatment. Twelve of these 13 patients were healthy at a follow-up via telephone a minimum of 10 months post-treatment.
Conclusion and clinical relevance: The fact that all successfully treated patients were still healthy a minimum of 10 months later emphasises the importance of a thorough diagnostic work-up for ensuring a good outcome. A good prognosis relies on early and correct diagnosis of the problem.

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Additional indexing

Other titles:Clinical, ultrasonographic, radiographic and endoscopic findings as well as therapy of 16 cattle with retropharyngeal abscess
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Date:June 2009
Deposited On:13 Jul 2009 06:39
Last Modified:05 Jul 2016 12:15
Publisher:Schattauer
ISSN:0303-6286
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-19595

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