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Characterization of Tu-2449, a glioma cell line derived from a spontaneous tumor in GFAP-v-src-transgenic mice: comparison with established murine glioma cell lines


Pohl, U; Wick, W; Weissenberger, J; Steinbach, J P; Dichgans, J; Aguzzi, A; Weller, M (1999). Characterization of Tu-2449, a glioma cell line derived from a spontaneous tumor in GFAP-v-src-transgenic mice: comparison with established murine glioma cell lines. International Journal of Oncology, 15(4):829-834.

Abstract

Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)-v-src transgenic mice develop spontaneous gliomas with a high incidence of malignant progression. We characterize the first glial cell line derived from v-src transgenic mice, Tu-2449 in comparison with a virally induced murine glioma, SRB-10, and a spontaneous murine glioma, P497. Doubling times were lowest, as clonogenicity in soft agar was highest for Tu-2449, and to a lesser degree, Tu-2449 cells formed spheroids and showed migratory behaviour and invaded fetal rat brain aggregates. BCL-2 and BAX expression were lower in Tu-2449 and P497 than in SRB-10 cells. Only Tu-2449 cells accumulated p53 protein in response to genotoxic stress. Tu-2449 and SRB-10 cells that showed low CD95 expression were resistant to CD95 ligand (CD95L)-induced apoptosis unless coexposed to CD95L and inhibitors of RNA or protein synthesis. A chemosensitivity profile revealed Tu-2449 to be rather chemoresistant. Tu-2449 thus displays growth characteristics and patterns of resistance to apoptosis similar to those of other mouse and human glioma cell lines and may therefore become a valuable tool to evaluate new therapies for malignant gliomas in vitro and in vivo.

Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)-v-src transgenic mice develop spontaneous gliomas with a high incidence of malignant progression. We characterize the first glial cell line derived from v-src transgenic mice, Tu-2449 in comparison with a virally induced murine glioma, SRB-10, and a spontaneous murine glioma, P497. Doubling times were lowest, as clonogenicity in soft agar was highest for Tu-2449, and to a lesser degree, Tu-2449 cells formed spheroids and showed migratory behaviour and invaded fetal rat brain aggregates. BCL-2 and BAX expression were lower in Tu-2449 and P497 than in SRB-10 cells. Only Tu-2449 cells accumulated p53 protein in response to genotoxic stress. Tu-2449 and SRB-10 cells that showed low CD95 expression were resistant to CD95 ligand (CD95L)-induced apoptosis unless coexposed to CD95L and inhibitors of RNA or protein synthesis. A chemosensitivity profile revealed Tu-2449 to be rather chemoresistant. Tu-2449 thus displays growth characteristics and patterns of resistance to apoptosis similar to those of other mouse and human glioma cell lines and may therefore become a valuable tool to evaluate new therapies for malignant gliomas in vitro and in vivo.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Neuropathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1999
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:27
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:21
Publisher:Spandidos
ISSN:1019-6439
PubMed ID:10493969

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