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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-19854

Stover, J F; Steiger, P; Stocker, R (2005). Treating Intracranial Hypertension in Patients with Severe Traumatic Brain Injury during Neurointensive Care. European Journal of Trauma, 31(4):308-330.

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Despite the envisioned breakthrough prophesied for the end of the past century in healing brain injured patients, both clinicians and basic scientists are still struggling with this burden. In the past decades, intensive research has brought forward a plethora of different targets which – in part – have already been integrated in clinical routine directed at detailed monitoring, therapeutic interventions, and prevention of secondary deterioration. While intracellular targets remain obscure alterations on a larger scale as e.g., measured intracranial pressure (ICP), calculated cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), and various imaging techniques are fundamental components of our present clinical understanding. At bedside, comprehension of pathophysiological loops and circuits of a given value (e.g., ICP) depends on individual knowledge, interpretation, and availability of additional diagnostic steps. As stated in the guidelines brought forward by the American Association of Neurological Surgeons and evaluated in various reports by the Cochrane Library we are still lacking prospective, randomized trials for the majority of the proposed diagnostic and therapeutic interventions. In this context, a recent meta-analysis even questioned the importance of ICP monitoring as we are lacking data from randomized controlled trials clarifying the role of ICP monitoring. The present review is to give an overview of various diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities based on reports published in the past 5 years to strengthen current approaches and nourish future well-designed investigations how to avoid and treat intracranial hypertension.




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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Division of Surgical Intensive Care Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Deposited On:11 Sep 2009 06:59
Last Modified:23 Nov 2012 13:52
Publisher:Urban & Vogel
Publisher DOI:10.1007/s00068-005-2055-3

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