UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

The calcineurin inhibitor FK506 (tacrolimus) is associated with transient metabolic acidosis and altered expression of renal acid-base transport proteins


Mohebbi, N; Mihailova, M; Wagner, C A (2009). The calcineurin inhibitor FK506 (tacrolimus) is associated with transient metabolic acidosis and altered expression of renal acid-base transport proteins. American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology, 297(2):F499-F509.

Abstract

Calcineurin inhibitors like FK506 (tacrolimus) are routinely used for immunosuppression following transplantation. Its use is limited by many side effects, including renal tubular acidosis (RTA), mainly of the distal type. In this study, rats were treated with FK506 and at baseline (after 9 days) systemic acid-base status was similar to that in control animals. However, FK506-treated rats given NH(4)Cl in the drinking water for 2 days developed a more severe metabolic acidosis than control animals. Urine pH was more alkaline, but net acid excretion was normal. After 7 days of acid load, all differences related to acid-base homeostasis were equalized in both groups. Protein abundance of type IIa Na-P(i) cotransporter, type 3 Na(+)/H(+) exchanger, and electrogenic Na(+)-bicarbonate cotransporter, and both a4 and B2 subunits of the vacuolar H(+)-ATPase were reduced under baseline conditions, while induction of metabolic acidosis enhanced protein abundance of these transporters in FK506-treated animals. In parallel, protein expression of AE1 was reduced at baseline and increased together with pendrin during NH(4)Cl loading in FK506 rats. Protein abundance of the Na(+)-bicarbonate cotransporter NBCn1 was reduced under baseline conditions but remained downregulated during metabolic acidosis. Morphological analysis revealed an increase in the relative number of non-type A intercalated cells in the connecting tubule and cortical collecting duct at the expense of principal cells. Additionally, subcellular distribution of the a4 subunit of the vacuolar H(+)-ATPase was affected by FK506 with less luminal localization in the connecting tubule and outer medullary collecting duct. These data suggest that FK506 impacts on several major acid-base transport proteins in the kidney, and its use is associated with transient metabolic acidosis and altered expression of key renal acid-base transport proteins.

Calcineurin inhibitors like FK506 (tacrolimus) are routinely used for immunosuppression following transplantation. Its use is limited by many side effects, including renal tubular acidosis (RTA), mainly of the distal type. In this study, rats were treated with FK506 and at baseline (after 9 days) systemic acid-base status was similar to that in control animals. However, FK506-treated rats given NH(4)Cl in the drinking water for 2 days developed a more severe metabolic acidosis than control animals. Urine pH was more alkaline, but net acid excretion was normal. After 7 days of acid load, all differences related to acid-base homeostasis were equalized in both groups. Protein abundance of type IIa Na-P(i) cotransporter, type 3 Na(+)/H(+) exchanger, and electrogenic Na(+)-bicarbonate cotransporter, and both a4 and B2 subunits of the vacuolar H(+)-ATPase were reduced under baseline conditions, while induction of metabolic acidosis enhanced protein abundance of these transporters in FK506-treated animals. In parallel, protein expression of AE1 was reduced at baseline and increased together with pendrin during NH(4)Cl loading in FK506 rats. Protein abundance of the Na(+)-bicarbonate cotransporter NBCn1 was reduced under baseline conditions but remained downregulated during metabolic acidosis. Morphological analysis revealed an increase in the relative number of non-type A intercalated cells in the connecting tubule and cortical collecting duct at the expense of principal cells. Additionally, subcellular distribution of the a4 subunit of the vacuolar H(+)-ATPase was affected by FK506 with less luminal localization in the connecting tubule and outer medullary collecting duct. These data suggest that FK506 impacts on several major acid-base transport proteins in the kidney, and its use is associated with transient metabolic acidosis and altered expression of key renal acid-base transport proteins.

Citations

33 citations in Web of Science®
36 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

1 download since deposited on 28 Jul 2009
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:August 2009
Deposited On:28 Jul 2009 10:36
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:18
Publisher:American Physiological Society
ISSN:0363-6127
Publisher DOI:10.1152/ajprenal.90489.2008
PubMed ID:19439519
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-19958

Download

[img]
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 1MB
View at publisher
[img]
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 2MB

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations