Gavín, R; Braun, N; Nicolas, O; Parra, B; Ureña, J M; Mingorance, A; Soriano, E; Torres, J M; Aguzzi, A; del Río, J A (2005). PrP(106-126) activates neuronal intracellular kinases and Egr1 synthesis through activation of NADPH-oxidase independently of PrPc. FEBS Letters, 579(19):4099-4106.
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Prion diseases are characterised by severe neural lesions linked to the presence of an abnormal protease-resistant isoform of cellular prion protein (PrPc). The peptide PrP(106-126) is widely used as a model of neurotoxicity in prion diseases. Here, we examine in detail the intracellular signalling cascades induced by PrP(106-126) in cortical neurons and the participation of PrPc. We show that PrP(106-126) induces the activation of subsets of intracellular kinases (e.g., ERK1/2), early growth response 1 synthesis and induces caspase-3 activity, all of which are mediated by nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate hydrogen-oxidase activity and oxidative stress. However, cells lacking PrPc are similarly affected after peptide exposure, and this questions the involvement of PrPc in these effects.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Neuropathology|
|DDC:||570 Life sciences; biology|
610 Medicine & health
|Date:||01 August 2005|
|Deposited On:||11 Feb 2008 13:27|
|Last Modified:||04 Apr 2012 14:14|
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