UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

A phylogenetic approach to detect selection on the target site of the antifouling compound irgarol in tolerant periphyton communities


Eriksson, K M; Antonelli, A; Nilsson, R H; Clarke, A K; Blanck, H (2009). A phylogenetic approach to detect selection on the target site of the antifouling compound irgarol in tolerant periphyton communities. Environmental Microbiology, 11(8):2065-2077.

Abstract

Using DNA sequence data for phylogenetic assessment of toxicant targets is a new and promising approach to study toxicant-induced selection in communities. Irgarol 1051 is a photosystem (PS) II inhibitor used in antifouling paint. It inhibits photosynthesis through binding to the D1 protein in PS II, which is encoded by the psbA gene found in genomes of chloroplasts, cyanobacteria and cyanophages. psbA mutations that alter the target protein can confer tolerance to PS II inhibitors. We have previously shown that irgarol induces community tolerance in natural marine periphyton communities and suggested a novel tolerance mechanism, involving the amino acid sequence of a turnover-regulating domain of D1, as contributive to this tolerance. Here we use a large number of psbA sequences of known identity to assess the taxonomic affinities of psbA sequences from these differentially tolerant communities, by performing phylogenetic analysis. We show that periphyton communities have high psbA diversity and that this diversity is adversely affected by irgarol. Moreover, we suggest that within tolerant periphyton the novel tolerance mechanism is present among diatoms only, whereas some groups of irgarol-tolerant cyanobacteria seem to have other tolerance mechanisms. However, it proved difficult to identify periphyton psbA haplotypes to the species or genus level, which indicates that the genomic pool of the attached, periphytic life forms is poorly studied and inadequately represented in international sequence databases.

Using DNA sequence data for phylogenetic assessment of toxicant targets is a new and promising approach to study toxicant-induced selection in communities. Irgarol 1051 is a photosystem (PS) II inhibitor used in antifouling paint. It inhibits photosynthesis through binding to the D1 protein in PS II, which is encoded by the psbA gene found in genomes of chloroplasts, cyanobacteria and cyanophages. psbA mutations that alter the target protein can confer tolerance to PS II inhibitors. We have previously shown that irgarol induces community tolerance in natural marine periphyton communities and suggested a novel tolerance mechanism, involving the amino acid sequence of a turnover-regulating domain of D1, as contributive to this tolerance. Here we use a large number of psbA sequences of known identity to assess the taxonomic affinities of psbA sequences from these differentially tolerant communities, by performing phylogenetic analysis. We show that periphyton communities have high psbA diversity and that this diversity is adversely affected by irgarol. Moreover, we suggest that within tolerant periphyton the novel tolerance mechanism is present among diatoms only, whereas some groups of irgarol-tolerant cyanobacteria seem to have other tolerance mechanisms. However, it proved difficult to identify periphyton psbA haplotypes to the species or genus level, which indicates that the genomic pool of the attached, periphytic life forms is poorly studied and inadequately represented in international sequence databases.

Citations

5 citations in Web of Science®
5 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

69 downloads since deposited on 24 Aug 2009
17 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Systematic Botany and Botanical Gardens
Dewey Decimal Classification:580 Plants (Botany)
Language:English
Date:29 April 2009
Deposited On:24 Aug 2009 08:44
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:19
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:1462-2912
Additional Information:The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2009.01928.x
Official URL:http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=1462-2912
PubMed ID:19453608
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-20292

Download

[img]
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 1MB
View at publisher
[img]
Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 1MB

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations