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Nuclear and chloroplast DNA-based phylogenies of Chrysanthemoides Tourn. ex Medik. (Calenduleae; Asteraceae) reveal extensive incongruence and generic paraphyly, but support the recognition of infraspecific taxa in C. monilifera


Barker, N P; Howis, B; Nordenstam, B; Källersjö, M; Eldenäs, P; Griffioen, C; Linder, H P (2009). Nuclear and chloroplast DNA-based phylogenies of Chrysanthemoides Tourn. ex Medik. (Calenduleae; Asteraceae) reveal extensive incongruence and generic paraphyly, but support the recognition of infraspecific taxa in C. monilifera. South African Journal of Botany, 75(3):560-572.

Abstract

The small genus Chrysanthemoides comprises two species within which a number of infraspecific taxa have been recognized, some of which are invasive aliens in Australia and New Zealand. Here we investigate the relationships of the species and infraspecific taxa using both chloroplast and nuclear non-coding DNA sequence data. Results of the analyses of the plastid and nuclear data sets are incongruent, and neither Chrysanthemoides nor Osteospermum is resolved as monophyletic, although there is some support for the recognition of infraspecific taxa. Analyses of the separate and combined data sets resolve two clades within Chrysanthemoides (which include some species of Osteospermum), and these appear to have a geographic basis, one being restricted to the mainly winter rainfall region, the other the eastern bi-seasonal rainfall area. Our results suggest that there is evidence of past or ongoing hybridization within and possibly between these two lineages.

Abstract

The small genus Chrysanthemoides comprises two species within which a number of infraspecific taxa have been recognized, some of which are invasive aliens in Australia and New Zealand. Here we investigate the relationships of the species and infraspecific taxa using both chloroplast and nuclear non-coding DNA sequence data. Results of the analyses of the plastid and nuclear data sets are incongruent, and neither Chrysanthemoides nor Osteospermum is resolved as monophyletic, although there is some support for the recognition of infraspecific taxa. Analyses of the separate and combined data sets resolve two clades within Chrysanthemoides (which include some species of Osteospermum), and these appear to have a geographic basis, one being restricted to the mainly winter rainfall region, the other the eastern bi-seasonal rainfall area. Our results suggest that there is evidence of past or ongoing hybridization within and possibly between these two lineages.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Systematic Botany and Botanical Gardens
Dewey Decimal Classification:580 Plants (Botany)
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:13 Oct 2009 09:37
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:22
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0254-6299
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2009.05.006

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