UZH-Logo

Behavioral characterization of mice lacking the neurite outgrowth inhibitor Nogo-A


Willi, R; Aloy, E M; Yee, B K; Feldon, J; Schwab, M E (2009). Behavioral characterization of mice lacking the neurite outgrowth inhibitor Nogo-A. Genes, Brain and Behavior, 8(2):181-192.

Abstract

The membrane protein Nogo-A inhibits neurite outgrowth and regeneration in the injured central nervous system, primarily because of its expression in oligodendrocytes. Hence, deletion of Nogo-A enhances regeneration following spinal cord injury. Yet, the effects of Nogo-A deletion on general behavior and cognition have not been explored. The possibility of potential novel functions of Nogo-A beyond growth inhibition is strongly suggested by the presence of subpopulations of neurons also expressing Nogo-A - not only during development but also in adulthood. We evaluated here Nogo-A(-/-) mice in a series of general basic behavioral assays as well as functional analyses related to brain regions with notable expression levels of Nogo-A. The SHIRPA protocol did not show any major basic behavioral changes in Nogo-A(-/-) mice. Anxiety-related behavior, pain sensitivity, startle reactivity, spatial learning, and associative learning also appeared indistinguishable between Nogo-A(-/-) and control Nogo-A(+/+) mice. However, motor co-ordination and balance were enhanced in Nogo-A(-/-) mice. Spontaneous locomotor activity was also elevated in Nogo-A(-/-) mice, but this was specifically observed in the dark (active) phase of the circadian cycle. Enhanced locomotor reaction to systemic amphetamine in Nogo-A(-/-) mice further pointed to an altered dopaminergic tone in these mice. The present study is the first behavioral characterization of mice lacking Nogo-A and provides significant insights into the potential behavioral relevance of Nogo-A in the modulation of dopaminergic and motor functions.

The membrane protein Nogo-A inhibits neurite outgrowth and regeneration in the injured central nervous system, primarily because of its expression in oligodendrocytes. Hence, deletion of Nogo-A enhances regeneration following spinal cord injury. Yet, the effects of Nogo-A deletion on general behavior and cognition have not been explored. The possibility of potential novel functions of Nogo-A beyond growth inhibition is strongly suggested by the presence of subpopulations of neurons also expressing Nogo-A - not only during development but also in adulthood. We evaluated here Nogo-A(-/-) mice in a series of general basic behavioral assays as well as functional analyses related to brain regions with notable expression levels of Nogo-A. The SHIRPA protocol did not show any major basic behavioral changes in Nogo-A(-/-) mice. Anxiety-related behavior, pain sensitivity, startle reactivity, spatial learning, and associative learning also appeared indistinguishable between Nogo-A(-/-) and control Nogo-A(+/+) mice. However, motor co-ordination and balance were enhanced in Nogo-A(-/-) mice. Spontaneous locomotor activity was also elevated in Nogo-A(-/-) mice, but this was specifically observed in the dark (active) phase of the circadian cycle. Enhanced locomotor reaction to systemic amphetamine in Nogo-A(-/-) mice further pointed to an altered dopaminergic tone in these mice. The present study is the first behavioral characterization of mice lacking Nogo-A and provides significant insights into the potential behavioral relevance of Nogo-A in the modulation of dopaminergic and motor functions.

Citations

20 citations in Web of Science®
20 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

0 downloads since deposited on 12 Oct 2009
0 downloads since 12 months

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Brain Research Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:12 Oct 2009 11:49
Last Modified:05 May 2016 07:45
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1601-183X
Additional Information:The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:10.1111/j.1601-183X.2008.00460.x
PubMed ID:19077178
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-21168

Download

[img]Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 1MB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations