# On Stein's method and perturbations

Barbour, A D; Cekanavicius, V; Xia, A (2007). On Stein's method and perturbations. ALEA Latin American Journal of Probability and Mathematical Statistics, 3:31-53.

## Abstract

Stein’s (1972) method is a very general tool for assessing the quality of approximation of the distribution of a random element by another, often simpler, distribution. In applications of Stein’s method, one needs to establish a Stein identity for the approximating distribution, solve the Stein equation and estimate the behaviour of the solutions in terms of the metrics under study. For some Stein equations, solutions with good properties are known; for others, this is not the case.
Barbour and Xia (1999) introduced a perturbation method for Poisson approximation, in which Stein identities for a large class of compound Poisson and translated Poisson distributions are viewed as perturbations of a Poisson distribution. In this paper, it is shown that the method can be extended to very general settings, including perturbations of normal, Poisson, compound Poisson, binomial and Poisson process approximations in terms of various metrics such as the Kolmogorov, Wasserstein and total variation metrics. Examples are provided to illustrate how the general perturbation method can be applied.

Stein’s (1972) method is a very general tool for assessing the quality of approximation of the distribution of a random element by another, often simpler, distribution. In applications of Stein’s method, one needs to establish a Stein identity for the approximating distribution, solve the Stein equation and estimate the behaviour of the solutions in terms of the metrics under study. For some Stein equations, solutions with good properties are known; for others, this is not the case.
Barbour and Xia (1999) introduced a perturbation method for Poisson approximation, in which Stein identities for a large class of compound Poisson and translated Poisson distributions are viewed as perturbations of a Poisson distribution. In this paper, it is shown that the method can be extended to very general settings, including perturbations of normal, Poisson, compound Poisson, binomial and Poisson process approximations in terms of various metrics such as the Kolmogorov, Wasserstein and total variation metrics. Examples are provided to illustrate how the general perturbation method can be applied.

## Citations

Detailed statistics

Item Type: Journal Article, refereed, original work 07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Mathematics 510 Mathematics English 2007 07 Dec 2009 08:07 05 Apr 2016 13:23 Instituto Nacional de Matematica Pura e Aplicada (IMPA) 1980-0436 http://alea.impa.br/english/index_v3.htm http://arxiv.org/abs/math/0702008
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-21502

 Preview
Filetype: PDF (Verlags-PDF)
Size: 1MB
 Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 316kB

## TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.