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Inhibition of replication of fresh HIV type 1 patient isolates by a polypurine tract-specific self-complementary oligodeoxynucleotide


Jendis, J; Strack, B; Volkmann, S; Böni, J; Mölling, K (1996). Inhibition of replication of fresh HIV type 1 patient isolates by a polypurine tract-specific self-complementary oligodeoxynucleotide. AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses, 12(12):1161-1168.

Abstract

A previously described self-complementary oligodeoxynucleotide termed triplex-forming oligodeoxynucleotide (TFO A), 54 bases in length, designed against the polypurine tract of HIV-1 RNA, inhibited viral replication at a 1 to 3 microM concentration in acutely infected cells, whereas antisense and scrambled sequence oligodeoxynucleotides were ineffective. Three HIV-1 viral isolates from patients of clinical categories A1, B, and C3 were transmitted to peripheral blood mononuclear cells and tested for production of p24 antigen and syncytium formation in the absence and in the presence of either TFO A or a control oligodeoxynucleotide of randomized sequence. No p24 antigen or syncytia were detected for up to 30 days when TFO A was added to the cells. Viability of the cells was found not to be affected by the drugs compared to controls within 2 weeks. Analysis of viral DNA synthesis by PCR for the LTR and gag gene indicated no DNA signal, suggesting that TFO A affects viral replication before formation of a DNA provirus. Measurements of the stability of TFO A indicate a half-life of about 2 hr. A two-dimensional computer fold analysis of TFO A suggested a self-complementary hairpin-loop configuration with GC-rich stems and single-stranded 5' and 3' ends. Since intracellular triplex formation may not be an efficient process, the observed inhibitory effect may be due to a direct inhibition of the RT and RNase H enzyme activities by the oligodeoxynucleotide. However, a triple-helix effect on the incoming RNA may play a role as well.

A previously described self-complementary oligodeoxynucleotide termed triplex-forming oligodeoxynucleotide (TFO A), 54 bases in length, designed against the polypurine tract of HIV-1 RNA, inhibited viral replication at a 1 to 3 microM concentration in acutely infected cells, whereas antisense and scrambled sequence oligodeoxynucleotides were ineffective. Three HIV-1 viral isolates from patients of clinical categories A1, B, and C3 were transmitted to peripheral blood mononuclear cells and tested for production of p24 antigen and syncytium formation in the absence and in the presence of either TFO A or a control oligodeoxynucleotide of randomized sequence. No p24 antigen or syncytia were detected for up to 30 days when TFO A was added to the cells. Viability of the cells was found not to be affected by the drugs compared to controls within 2 weeks. Analysis of viral DNA synthesis by PCR for the LTR and gag gene indicated no DNA signal, suggesting that TFO A affects viral replication before formation of a DNA provirus. Measurements of the stability of TFO A indicate a half-life of about 2 hr. A two-dimensional computer fold analysis of TFO A suggested a self-complementary hairpin-loop configuration with GC-rich stems and single-stranded 5' and 3' ends. Since intracellular triplex formation may not be an efficient process, the observed inhibitory effect may be due to a direct inhibition of the RT and RNase H enzyme activities by the oligodeoxynucleotide. However, a triple-helix effect on the incoming RNA may play a role as well.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Virology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:10 August 1996
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:28
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:22
Publisher:Mary Ann Liebert
ISSN:0889-2229
Additional Information:This is a copy of an article published in the AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses © 2014 copyright Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.; AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses is available online at: http://online.liebertpub.com
Publisher DOI:10.1089/aid.1996.12.1161
PubMed ID:8844020
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-2190

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