Consider the Schrödinger equation -y '' +Vy=λy for a complex-valued potential V of period 1 in the weighted Sobolev space H w of 2-periodic functions f:ℝ→ℂ,

H w ≡H ℂ w :=f(x)=∑ k=-∞ ∞ f ^(k)e iπkx |∥f∥ w <∞,

where

∥f∥ w :=2∑ k w(k) 2 |f ^(k)| 2 1/2

and w=(w(k)) k∈ℤ denotes a symmetric, submultiplicative weight sequence. Denote by λ n =λ n (V)(n≥0) the periodic eigenvalues of -d 2 dx 2 +V when considered on the interval [0,2], listed in such a way that λ 2n ,λ 2n-1 =n 2 π 2 +0(1), and denote by μ n =μ n (V)(n≥1) the Dirichlet eigenvalues of -d 2 dx 2 +V considered on [0,1], listed in such a way that μ n =n 2 π 2 +0(1).

Theorem. There exist (absolute) constants K 1 ,K 2 >0, so that for any 1-periodic potential V in H w ,

∑ n≥N w(2n) 2 |λ 2n -λ 2n-1 | 2 ≤K 1 (1+∥V∥ w ) K 2

and ∑ n≥N w(2n) 2 |μ n -λ 2n | 2 ≤K 1 (1+∥V∥ w ) K 2 ,

where N:=K 1 (1+∥V∥ w ) 2 .

Kappeler, T; Mityagin, B (2001). *Estimates for periodic and Dirichlet eigenvalues of the Schrödinger operator.* SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis, 33(1):113-152.

## Abstract

Consider the Schrödinger equation -y '' +Vy=λy for a complex-valued potential V of period 1 in the weighted Sobolev space H w of 2-periodic functions f:ℝ→ℂ,

H w ≡H ℂ w :=f(x)=∑ k=-∞ ∞ f ^(k)e iπkx |∥f∥ w <∞,

where

∥f∥ w :=2∑ k w(k) 2 |f ^(k)| 2 1/2

and w=(w(k)) k∈ℤ denotes a symmetric, submultiplicative weight sequence. Denote by λ n =λ n (V)(n≥0) the periodic eigenvalues of -d 2 dx 2 +V when considered on the interval [0,2], listed in such a way that λ 2n ,λ 2n-1 =n 2 π 2 +0(1), and denote by μ n =μ n (V)(n≥1) the Dirichlet eigenvalues of -d 2 dx 2 +V considered on [0,1], listed in such a way that μ n =n 2 π 2 +0(1).

Theorem. There exist (absolute) constants K 1 ,K 2 >0, so that for any 1-periodic potential V in H w ,

∑ n≥N w(2n) 2 |λ 2n -λ 2n-1 | 2 ≤K 1 (1+∥V∥ w ) K 2

and ∑ n≥N w(2n) 2 |μ n -λ 2n | 2 ≤K 1 (1+∥V∥ w ) K 2 ,

where N:=K 1 (1+∥V∥ w ) 2 .

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## Additional indexing

Item Type: | Journal Article, refereed, original work |
---|---|

Communities & Collections: | 07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Mathematics |

Dewey Decimal Classification: | 510 Mathematics |

Uncontrolled Keywords: | Schrödinger operators, periodic and Dirichlet eigenvalues, estimates on gap lengths |

Language: | English |

Date: | 2001 |

Deposited On: | 29 Nov 2010 16:27 |

Last Modified: | 05 Apr 2016 13:25 |

Publisher: | Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics |

ISSN: | 0036-1410 |

Additional Information: | Copyright © 2001, Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics |

Publisher DOI: | https://doi.org/10.1137/S0036141099365753 |

Related URLs: | http://www.ams.org/mathscinet-getitem?mr=1857991 http://www.zentralblatt-math.org/zbmath/search/?q=an%3A1097.34553 |

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