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Comparative pharmacokinetic and cytotoxic analysis of three different formulations of mitoxantrone in mice


Rentsch, K M; Horber, D H; Schwendener, R; Wunderli-Allenspach, H; Hänseler, E (1997). Comparative pharmacokinetic and cytotoxic analysis of three different formulations of mitoxantrone in mice. British Journal of Cancer, 75(7):986-992.

Abstract

Two liposomal formulations of mitoxantrone (MTO) were compared with the aqueous solution (free MTO) in terms of their pharmacokinetic behaviour in ICR mice and cytotoxic activity in a nude mouse xenograft model. The three different formulations of MTO [free MTO, phosphatidic acid (PA)-MTO liposomes, pH-MTO liposomes] were administered intravenously (three mice per formulation and time point) at a dose of 4.7 micromol kg(-1) for free MTO, 6.1 micromol kg(-1) for PA-MTO and 4.5 micromol kg(-1) for pH-MTO. The concentrations of MTO were determined using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in blood, liver, heart, spleen and kidneys of the mice. Additionally, the toxicity and anti-tumour activity of MTO was evaluated in a xenograft model using a human LXFL 529/6 large-cell lung carcinoma. The dose administered was 90% of the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of the corresponding formulation (8.1 micromol kg(-1) for free MTO, 12.1 micromol kg(-1) for PA-MTO and pH-MTO). The pharmacokinetic behaviour of PA-MTO in blood was faster than that of free MTO, but the cytotoxic effect was improved. In contrast, pH-MTO showed a tenfold increased area under the curve (AUC) in blood compared with free MTO, without improvement of the cytotoxic effect. This discrepancy between the pharmacokinetic and cytotoxic results could be explained by the fact that MTO in pH-MTO liposomes remains mainly in the vascular space, whereas MTO in PA-MTO liposomes is rapidly distributed into deep compartments, even more so than free MTO.

Abstract

Two liposomal formulations of mitoxantrone (MTO) were compared with the aqueous solution (free MTO) in terms of their pharmacokinetic behaviour in ICR mice and cytotoxic activity in a nude mouse xenograft model. The three different formulations of MTO [free MTO, phosphatidic acid (PA)-MTO liposomes, pH-MTO liposomes] were administered intravenously (three mice per formulation and time point) at a dose of 4.7 micromol kg(-1) for free MTO, 6.1 micromol kg(-1) for PA-MTO and 4.5 micromol kg(-1) for pH-MTO. The concentrations of MTO were determined using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in blood, liver, heart, spleen and kidneys of the mice. Additionally, the toxicity and anti-tumour activity of MTO was evaluated in a xenograft model using a human LXFL 529/6 large-cell lung carcinoma. The dose administered was 90% of the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of the corresponding formulation (8.1 micromol kg(-1) for free MTO, 12.1 micromol kg(-1) for PA-MTO and pH-MTO). The pharmacokinetic behaviour of PA-MTO in blood was faster than that of free MTO, but the cytotoxic effect was improved. In contrast, pH-MTO showed a tenfold increased area under the curve (AUC) in blood compared with free MTO, without improvement of the cytotoxic effect. This discrepancy between the pharmacokinetic and cytotoxic results could be explained by the fact that MTO in pH-MTO liposomes remains mainly in the vascular space, whereas MTO in PA-MTO liposomes is rapidly distributed into deep compartments, even more so than free MTO.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:1997
Deposited On:20 Oct 2009 14:26
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:30
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0007-0920
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/bjc.1997.170
PubMed ID:9083333

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