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A lymphotoxin-driven pathway to hepatocellular carcinoma


Abstract

Hepatitis B and C viruses (HBV and HCV) cause chronic hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by poorly understood mechanisms. We show that cytokines lymphotoxin (LT) alpha and beta and their receptor (LTbetaR) are upregulated in HBV- or HCV-induced hepatitis and HCC. Liver-specific LTalphabeta expression in mice induces liver inflammation and HCC, causally linking hepatic LT overexpression to hepatitis and HCC. Development of HCC, composed in part of A6(+) oval cells, depends on lymphocytes and IKappa B kinase beta expressed by hepatocytes but is independent of TNFR1. In vivo LTbetaR stimulation implicates hepatocytes as the major LT-responsive liver cells, and LTbetaR inhibition in LTalphabeta-transgenic mice with hepatitis suppresses HCC formation. Thus, sustained LT signaling represents a pathway involved in hepatitis-induced HCC.

Abstract

Hepatitis B and C viruses (HBV and HCV) cause chronic hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by poorly understood mechanisms. We show that cytokines lymphotoxin (LT) alpha and beta and their receptor (LTbetaR) are upregulated in HBV- or HCV-induced hepatitis and HCC. Liver-specific LTalphabeta expression in mice induces liver inflammation and HCC, causally linking hepatic LT overexpression to hepatitis and HCC. Development of HCC, composed in part of A6(+) oval cells, depends on lymphocytes and IKappa B kinase beta expressed by hepatocytes but is independent of TNFR1. In vivo LTbetaR stimulation implicates hepatocytes as the major LT-responsive liver cells, and LTbetaR inhibition in LTalphabeta-transgenic mice with hepatitis suppresses HCC formation. Thus, sustained LT signaling represents a pathway involved in hepatitis-induced HCC.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Functional Genomics Center Zurich
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Neuropathology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Surgical Pathology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Visceral and Transplantation Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Division of Surgical Research
08 University Research Priority Programs > Systems Biology / Functional Genomics
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:03 Nov 2009 16:15
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:31
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1535-6108
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ccr.2009.08.021
PubMed ID:19800575

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