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Left ventricular dyssynchrony in patients with left bundle branch block and patients after myocardial infarction: integration of mechanics and viability by cardiac magnetic resonance


Rutz, A K; Manka, R; Kozerke, S; Roas, S; Boesiger, P; Schwitter, J (2009). Left ventricular dyssynchrony in patients with left bundle branch block and patients after myocardial infarction: integration of mechanics and viability by cardiac magnetic resonance. European Heart Journal, 30(17):2117-2127.

Abstract

AIMS: To quantify left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony in patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB) and in patients after myocardial infarction (MI) applying an accelerated three-dimensional (3D) tagging cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) technique, and to combine dyssynchrony information with viability data obtained by late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) CMR. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-two patients (59 +/- 11 years) after first MI (Pats(MI)), 10 patients (63 +/- 10 years) with LBBB (ejection fraction < 40%; Pats(LBBB<40)), 13 patients (63 +/- 11) with LBBB (ejection fraction >or= 40%; Pats(LBBB >or=40 )), and 15 healthy controls (53 +/- 10 years) underwent 3D tagging CMR and LGE imaging at 1.5 T. As a measure of mechanical LV dyssynchrony, the standard deviation of T(max) over the LV, the circumferential uniformity ratio estimate (CURE) index, and a segmental-based circumferential systolic dyssynchrony index (SDI) were calculated. All three parameters detected significantly increased circumferential dyssynchrony in patients compared with controls. The CURE and SDI showed a good correlation (r = 0.93, P < 0.0001) and detected most severe dyssynchrony in Pats(LBBB<40) (P < 0.001 vs. controls, P < 0.005 vs. Pats(MI)). Systolic dyssynchrony index additionally allowed integration of localized viability information to yield SDI(viable) which was highest in Pats(LBBB<40). CONCLUSION: Dyssynchrony patterns in the LV can be quantified globally and regionally by 3D tagging CMR. Combination of viability and dyssynchrony information allows for a comprehensive dyssynchrony quantification in patients with LBBB or post-MI. Future studies are required to test the value of the method to predict responsiveness to resynchronization.

AIMS: To quantify left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony in patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB) and in patients after myocardial infarction (MI) applying an accelerated three-dimensional (3D) tagging cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) technique, and to combine dyssynchrony information with viability data obtained by late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) CMR. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-two patients (59 +/- 11 years) after first MI (Pats(MI)), 10 patients (63 +/- 10 years) with LBBB (ejection fraction < 40%; Pats(LBBB<40)), 13 patients (63 +/- 11) with LBBB (ejection fraction >or= 40%; Pats(LBBB >or=40 )), and 15 healthy controls (53 +/- 10 years) underwent 3D tagging CMR and LGE imaging at 1.5 T. As a measure of mechanical LV dyssynchrony, the standard deviation of T(max) over the LV, the circumferential uniformity ratio estimate (CURE) index, and a segmental-based circumferential systolic dyssynchrony index (SDI) were calculated. All three parameters detected significantly increased circumferential dyssynchrony in patients compared with controls. The CURE and SDI showed a good correlation (r = 0.93, P < 0.0001) and detected most severe dyssynchrony in Pats(LBBB<40) (P < 0.001 vs. controls, P < 0.005 vs. Pats(MI)). Systolic dyssynchrony index additionally allowed integration of localized viability information to yield SDI(viable) which was highest in Pats(LBBB<40). CONCLUSION: Dyssynchrony patterns in the LV can be quantified globally and regionally by 3D tagging CMR. Combination of viability and dyssynchrony information allows for a comprehensive dyssynchrony quantification in patients with LBBB or post-MI. Future studies are required to test the value of the method to predict responsiveness to resynchronization.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Biomedical Engineering
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:170 Ethics
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:25 Nov 2009 12:34
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:33
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0195-668X
Publisher DOI:10.1093/eurheartj/ehp212
PubMed ID:19477875
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-24028

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