UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Modulation of TGF-beta activity by latent TGF-beta-binding protein 1 in human malignant glioma cells


Tritschler, I; Gramatzki, D; Capper, D; Mittelbronn, M; Meyermann, R; Saharinen, J; Wick, W; Keski-Oja, J; Weller, M (2009). Modulation of TGF-beta activity by latent TGF-beta-binding protein 1 in human malignant glioma cells. International Journal of Cancer, 125(3):530-540.

Abstract

High biological activity of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta-Smad pathway characterizes the malignant phenotype of malignant gliomas and confers poor prognosis to glioma patients. Accordingly, TGF-beta has become a novel target for the experimental treatment of these tumors. TGF-beta is processed by furin-like proteases (FLP) and secreted from cells in a latent complex with its processed propeptide, the latency-associated peptide (LAP). Latent TGF-beta-binding protein 1 (LTBP-1) covalently binds to this small latent TGF-beta complex (SLC) and regulates its function, presumably via interaction with the extracellular matrix (ECM). We report here that the levels of LTBP-1 protein in vivo increase with the grade of malignancy in gliomas. LTBP-1 is associated with the ECM as well as secreted into the medium in cultured malignant glioma cells. The release of LTBP-1 into the medium is decreased by the inhibition of FLP activity. Gene-transfer mediated overexpression of LTBP-1 in glioma cell lines results in an increase inTGF-beta activity. Accordingly, Smad2 phosphorylation as an intracellular marker of TGF-beta activity is enhanced. Conversely, LTBP-1 gene silencing reduces TGF-beta activity and Smad2 phosphorylation without affecting TGF-beta protein levels. Collectively, we identify LTBP-1 as an important modulator of TGF-beta activation in glioma cells, which may contribute to the malignant phenotype of these tumors.

High biological activity of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta-Smad pathway characterizes the malignant phenotype of malignant gliomas and confers poor prognosis to glioma patients. Accordingly, TGF-beta has become a novel target for the experimental treatment of these tumors. TGF-beta is processed by furin-like proteases (FLP) and secreted from cells in a latent complex with its processed propeptide, the latency-associated peptide (LAP). Latent TGF-beta-binding protein 1 (LTBP-1) covalently binds to this small latent TGF-beta complex (SLC) and regulates its function, presumably via interaction with the extracellular matrix (ECM). We report here that the levels of LTBP-1 protein in vivo increase with the grade of malignancy in gliomas. LTBP-1 is associated with the ECM as well as secreted into the medium in cultured malignant glioma cells. The release of LTBP-1 into the medium is decreased by the inhibition of FLP activity. Gene-transfer mediated overexpression of LTBP-1 in glioma cell lines results in an increase inTGF-beta activity. Accordingly, Smad2 phosphorylation as an intracellular marker of TGF-beta activity is enhanced. Conversely, LTBP-1 gene silencing reduces TGF-beta activity and Smad2 phosphorylation without affecting TGF-beta protein levels. Collectively, we identify LTBP-1 as an important modulator of TGF-beta activation in glioma cells, which may contribute to the malignant phenotype of these tumors.

Citations

16 citations in Web of Science®
16 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

170 downloads since deposited on 18 Nov 2009
15 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:18 Nov 2009 14:38
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:33
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0020-7136
Additional Information:The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com
Publisher DOI:10.1002/ijc.24443
PubMed ID:19431147
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-24077

Download

[img]
Preview
Filetype: PDF
Size: 2MB
View at publisher
[img]
Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 9MB

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations