Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-24195
Zempleni, M Z; Michels, L; Mehnert, U; Schurch, B; Kollias, S (2010). Cortical substrate of bladder control in SCI and the effect of peripheral pudendal stimulation. NeuroImage, 49(4):2983-2994.
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We investigate (i) the central representation of lower urinary tract (LUT) control and (ii–iii) the acute and 23 short-term central neuromodulatory effect of peripheral pudendal nerve stimulation in incomplete spinal 24 cord injured (SCI) patients using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). The urinary bladder of eight 25 SCI patients has been passively filled and emptied using a catheter, to identify the neural substrate of bladder 26 control (i), and with simultaneous peripheral pudendal nerve stimulation to investigate its acute central 27 neuromodulatory effect (ii). To identify the potential effects of pudendal nerve stimulation treatment (iii), 28 six patients underwent a 2-week training using pudendal nerve stimulation followed by another fMRI 29 session of bladder filling. The pre- and post-training fMRI results have been compared and correlated with 30 the patient's pre- and post-training urological status. Our results suggest that the central representation of 31 bladder filling sensation is preserved in the subacute stage of incomplete SCI. However, compared to earlier 32 data from healthy subjects, it shows decreased neural response in right prefrontal areas and increased in left 33 prefrontal regions, indicating diminished inhibitory micturition control as well as, compensatory or de- 34 compensatory reorganization of bladder control. We also provide evidence for a neuromodulatory effect of 35 acute pudendal nerve stimulation, which was most prominent in the right posterior insula, a brain region 36 implicated in homeostatic interoception in human. Pudendal stimulation training also induced significant 37 neuromodulation, predominantly signal increases, in the normal cortical network of bladder control. 38 Correlations with the patient's urological status indicate that this neuromodulatory effect may reflect the 39 clinical improvement following training.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neuroradiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
|Dewey Decimal Classification:||610 Medicine & health|
|Date:||10 February 2010|
|Deposited On:||18 Nov 2009 11:25|
|Last Modified:||29 Nov 2013 18:58|
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