Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-24229
Florin, M; Rusanen, E; Haessig, M; Richter, M; Spiess, B M (2009). Clinical presentation, treatment, and outcome of dacryocystitis in rabbits: a retrospective study of 28 cases (2003–2007). Veterinary Ophthalmology, 12(6):350-356.
- Registered users only
View at publisher
Objective: To document the clinical presentation, diagnostics, treatment, and clinical
outcome of rabbits with dacryocystitis.
Materials and methods: This retrospective study included 28 rabbits diagnosed with
dacryocystitis. Available records of clinical and ophthalmological examinations,
bacteriological samplings, diagnostic imaging, and treatment were reviewed. A
telephone survey of the owners was conducted to evaluate recovery and recurrences.
Results: The mean age of the 28 rabbits presenting with ocular discharge from the
nasolacrimal duct was 4.4 years. In 25 rabbits (89%), dacryocystitis was a unilateral
finding. No underlying cause could be determined in 10 animals (35%). Dental
malocclusion was observed in 14 rabbits (50%) and rhinitis in two animals (7%), with
one animal showing both symptoms (4%). One rabbit (4%) presented with
panophthalmitis. Most animals (96%) received topical antibiotic treatment. If
necessary, additional topical (acetylcysteine, vitamin A ointment, nonsteroidals) or
systemic treatment (antibiotics, nonsteroidals, paramunity inducer, and
glucocorticoids) was provided. The mean duration of therapy was 5.8 weeks. The
nasolacrimal duct was flushed in 27 of 31 affected eyes (87%). Dentistry was
performed in 80% of the animals suffering from malocclusion. Regarding the clinical
outcome, 12 animals (43%) showed complete recovery, eight rabbits (28%) were
euthanized, three (11%) died due to unrelated causes, and three (11%) were lost to
follow-up. Two rabbits (7%) continue to display signs of dacryocystitis and are being
treated symptomatically by the owners.
Conclusions: This study reports the clinical presentation, treatment, and outcome of
dacryocystitis in rabbits and outlines the importance of examination of the oral cavity,
diagnostic imaging, and bacteriologic sampling.
129 downloads since deposited on 08 Dec 2009
18 downloads since 12 months
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Equine Department
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals
|Dewey Decimal Classification:||570 Life sciences; biology
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||bacterial infection, dacryocystitis, malocclusion, nasolacrimal duct, rabbit, veterinary ophthalmology|
|Deposited On:||08 Dec 2009 08:38|
|Last Modified:||30 Oct 2014 16:02|
Users (please log in): suggest update or correction for this item
Repository Staff Only: item control page