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Clinical presentation, treatment, and outcome of dacryocystitis in rabbits: a retrospective study of 28 cases (2003–2007)


Florin, M; Rusanen, E; Haessig, M; Richter, M; Spiess, B M (2009). Clinical presentation, treatment, and outcome of dacryocystitis in rabbits: a retrospective study of 28 cases (2003–2007). Veterinary Ophthalmology, 12(6):350-356.

Abstract

Objective: To document the clinical presentation, diagnostics, treatment, and clinical
outcome of rabbits with dacryocystitis.

Materials and methods: This retrospective study included 28 rabbits diagnosed with
dacryocystitis. Available records of clinical and ophthalmological examinations,
bacteriological samplings, diagnostic imaging, and treatment were reviewed. A
telephone survey of the owners was conducted to evaluate recovery and recurrences.

Results: The mean age of the 28 rabbits presenting with ocular discharge from the
nasolacrimal duct was 4.4 years. In 25 rabbits (89%), dacryocystitis was a unilateral
finding. No underlying cause could be determined in 10 animals (35%). Dental
malocclusion was observed in 14 rabbits (50%) and rhinitis in two animals (7%), with
one animal showing both symptoms (4%). One rabbit (4%) presented with
panophthalmitis. Most animals (96%) received topical antibiotic treatment. If
necessary, additional topical (acetylcysteine, vitamin A ointment, nonsteroidals) or
systemic treatment (antibiotics, nonsteroidals, paramunity inducer, and
glucocorticoids) was provided. The mean duration of therapy was 5.8 weeks. The
nasolacrimal duct was flushed in 27 of 31 affected eyes (87%). Dentistry was
performed in 80% of the animals suffering from malocclusion. Regarding the clinical
outcome, 12 animals (43%) showed complete recovery, eight rabbits (28%) were
euthanized, three (11%) died due to unrelated causes, and three (11%) were lost to
follow-up. Two rabbits (7%) continue to display signs of dacryocystitis and are being
treated symptomatically by the owners.

Conclusions: This study reports the clinical presentation, treatment, and outcome of
dacryocystitis in rabbits and outlines the importance of examination of the oral cavity,
diagnostic imaging, and bacteriologic sampling.

Objective: To document the clinical presentation, diagnostics, treatment, and clinical
outcome of rabbits with dacryocystitis.

Materials and methods: This retrospective study included 28 rabbits diagnosed with
dacryocystitis. Available records of clinical and ophthalmological examinations,
bacteriological samplings, diagnostic imaging, and treatment were reviewed. A
telephone survey of the owners was conducted to evaluate recovery and recurrences.

Results: The mean age of the 28 rabbits presenting with ocular discharge from the
nasolacrimal duct was 4.4 years. In 25 rabbits (89%), dacryocystitis was a unilateral
finding. No underlying cause could be determined in 10 animals (35%). Dental
malocclusion was observed in 14 rabbits (50%) and rhinitis in two animals (7%), with
one animal showing both symptoms (4%). One rabbit (4%) presented with
panophthalmitis. Most animals (96%) received topical antibiotic treatment. If
necessary, additional topical (acetylcysteine, vitamin A ointment, nonsteroidals) or
systemic treatment (antibiotics, nonsteroidals, paramunity inducer, and
glucocorticoids) was provided. The mean duration of therapy was 5.8 weeks. The
nasolacrimal duct was flushed in 27 of 31 affected eyes (87%). Dentistry was
performed in 80% of the animals suffering from malocclusion. Regarding the clinical
outcome, 12 animals (43%) showed complete recovery, eight rabbits (28%) were
euthanized, three (11%) died due to unrelated causes, and three (11%) were lost to
follow-up. Two rabbits (7%) continue to display signs of dacryocystitis and are being
treated symptomatically by the owners.

Conclusions: This study reports the clinical presentation, treatment, and outcome of
dacryocystitis in rabbits and outlines the importance of examination of the oral cavity,
diagnostic imaging, and bacteriologic sampling.

Citations

6 citations in Web of Science®
10 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Equine Department
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Uncontrolled Keywords:bacterial infection, dacryocystitis, malocclusion, nasolacrimal duct, rabbit, veterinary ophthalmology
Language:English
Date:November 2009
Deposited On:08 Dec 2009 08:38
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:33
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:1463-5216
Publisher DOI:10.1111/j.1463-5224.2009.00727.x
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-24229

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